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Memoriam list revision history

The current updated list of slain taxicab drivers can be found on the Taxi-Library Memoriam page. See also the additional homicides page and the updated list of sources. To advise of corrections or omissions, please email Charles Rathbone. Following are the revision notices sent to the Taxi-List email discussion group since the beginning of 2004.



March 15, 2008

Please visit the taxi driver Memoriam list at www.Taxi-Library.org/murdrate.htm
The list now includes the names of 1759 drivers who were murdered in the course
of their work.

The list has just been updated with about thirty new names.  Most are recent,
but some are from the early part of the 20th century courtesy of ongoing
research into taxi homicides performed by Norman Beattie of Winnipeg.

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar and Ender Wiggin for a wealth of news items from
around the world.  Unfortunately, the news contains almost daily word of yet
another cab driver murdered on the job.  All of the newly noted homicides from
Latin America are known thanks to Karl's review of Spanish-language news
sources.

Thanks also to driver Roger Wilkins of Tucson, Arizona and to former driver Dave
in Daytona Beach, Florida who sent info on driver homicides in their areas.
Recent mail also included an inquiry from the granddaughter of a driver who was
killed in Las Vegas while she was still a child.

Seattle area taxi passenger Julia W. sent news of the murder of Jagjit Singh.

Ontario resident D.L.B. sent information about the murder of a taxi driver and 
three other people in 1993, and the effect that the crimes had on her family.

Also in the mail department, Marie-Helene in France wrote enquiring about a
long-lost friend whose name appears on the Memoriam list.

Daniel Stuart sent information on the murders of three taxicab drivers in 
Dallas during 1984, including his grandfather Bobby Joe Stuart.

Lastly, Stephanie Miller sent info on the murder of her brother Warren in 
Akron, Ohio during 2006.

I have been adding names to the Memoriam list as time allows over the last few
months.  Below are approx. 130 names added since the last formal update notice
was posted to Taxi-List.

----------------------------------

Timothy Royce
03/06/08  Tucson, Arizona  USA

Patrick Zuniga
03/01/08  Miami Shores, Florida  USA

Calvert Reid
03/06/08  Albion, St. James  Jamaica

Terron Bailey
03/06/08  St. Ann,   Jamaica

Khawaja Ahmed
02/08/08  Manassas, Virginia  USA

Victor Cordoba Leonardo
02/03/08  Xalapa, Veracruz  Mexico

Luis Segundo Semprun
02/06/08  Maracaibo,   Venezuela

Antonio Jose Bravo
02/02/08  Cuidad Bolivar,   Venezuela

Cesar Augusto Clark Garcia
02/24/08  Ciudad Guayana, Estado Bolivar  Venezuela

Alexander Jose Gomez Bastidas
02/24/08  Cuidad Guayana, Estatdo Bolivar  Venezuela

Jhonny Lopez
02/25/08  Puerto Piritu, Anzoategui  Venezuela

Samuel Alexander Rojas
02/17/08  Cuidad Guayana, Estado Bolivar  Venezuela

Hermes Elias Ruiz Albornoz
02/24/08  Valencia, Carabobo  Venezuela

Luis Carlos Garcia
02/27/08  Salto del Guaira, Canindeyu  Paraguay

Vincente Hernandez
02/26/08  San Luis de la Paz, Guanajuato  Mexico

Eduardo Samos
02/15/08  Kamlun Village, Corozal District  Belize

Edward Conley
02/16/08  Brockton, Massachusetts  USA

Prince Ralford
02/29/08  Gutters,   Jamaica

Lincoln Smith
02/29/08  Ironshore, St. James  Jamaica

Mohammed Rasool
02/05/08  South Ruimveldt,   Guyana

Alassane Toure
02/02/08  Brazoria County, Texas  USA

Mark Fitzsimmons
02/05/08  Greenock,   Scotland

Jorge Luis Segura Herrera
01/18/08  Guayaquil,   Ecuador

Manuel Benito Figuera
01/31/08  Cumana,   Venezuela

Oscar Brassen
01/17/08  Buenos Aires,   Argentina

Horaco Gonzales Chonillo
01/13/08  Manta,   Ecuador

Richard Mojica Moreno
01/08/08  Tocumen,   Panama

Miguel Buan
01/08/08  Quezon City,   Philippines

Orlando Rafael Rodriguez Lezama
01/08/08  Puerto La Cruz,   Venezuela

Joel Arturo Granado Diaz
01/07/08  Puerto Ordaz,   Venezuela

Harvey Anthony Wells
01/07/08  Spartenburg, South Carolina  USA

Ramon Antonio Martinez
01/06/08  Santiago,   Dominican Republic

Celestine Nkafor
01/06/08  Bamenda,   Cameroon

Edgar Entique Perez Moreno
01/05/08  Maracaibo,   Venezuela

Adan Sotelo Ortiz
01/05/08  Puente de Ixtla,   Mexico

Saul Ordonez Funez
01/03/08  Tegucigalpa,   Honduras

Fikru Menje
01/03/08  DeKalb County, Georgia  USA

Livingston Roberts
01/01/08  Freetown, Clarendon  Jamaica

Elio Cesar Victoria Ibarra
01/21/08  Cabra,   Panama

Juan Fernando Romo Aranda
01/21/08  Cuidad Lerdo, Durango  Mexico

Adalberto Palomeque
01/19/08  Coronel Vidal,   Argentina

Guillermo Santos Martinez
01/20/08  Santa Maria, Oaxaca  Mexico

Luis Laura Aponte
01/25/08  Lima,   Peru

Eder Ascanio
01/29/08  Ciudad Guayana,   Venezuela

Rodolfo Confalonieri
01/16/08  Chajari,   Argentina

Imad Khoury
11/05/07  Kiryat Yam,   Israel

Derick Byers
11/13/07  Houston, Texas  USA

Dane Grobman
11/09/07  DeKalb County, Georgia  USA

Brenton Graham
11/09/07  Kingston,   Jamaica

Mohamad Khalil Khudair
11/10/07  Baghdad,   Iraq

Crandall Jack Reed
11/16/07  Jacksonville, Florida  USA

Nilson Eduardo Rodriguez Zamora
02/03/07  El Tigre,   Venezuela

Jose Francisco Sirvent
11/16/07  Valencia,   Spain

Limbikani Shaba
11/06/07  Mwanza,   Malawi

Herbert Chuck Coomer
11/21/07  Indianapolis, Indiana  USA

Jason Collymore
11/20/07  Corinth Village, Ste Madeline  Trinidad and Tobago

David Chance
10/30/07  Pueblo, Colorado  USA

Mohammed Elwaleed
11/20/07  New York, New York  USA

Raymond Quigley
09/02/07  Ryhope,   England

Juan Rubio-Castro
12/09/07  Atlanta, Georgia  USA

Christopher Simmons
12/21/07  Marietta, Georgia  USA

Gregory Cunningham
12/24/07  Upper Darby, Pennsylvania  USA

Umesh
12/22/07  Bilikere,   India

Vishnukant
12/01/07  Patna Junction,   India

Aruna
08/08/07  Bangalore,   India

Harish
10/06/07  Bangalore,   India

Zahid Mahmood
10/22/07  Kasur,   Pakistan

Clarence Rampersadsingh
10/21/07  San Fernando,   Trinidad and Tobago


Abdulmanan Tabing
12/09/07  Quezon City,   Philippines

Jose Francisco Sirvent Lopez
11/16/07  Valencia,   Spain

Felix Ramon Torres
12/31/07  Caracas,   Venezuela

Saulo Malaquias Solis
12/16/07  Puente de Ixtla, Morelos  Mexico

Nelfi De Abreu
12/01/07  Caracas,   Venezuela

Jose Penaloza
12/01/07  Caracas,   Venezuela

Jimmy Antonio Ramirez Reyes
10/20/07  Santiago,   Dominican Republic

Angel Fernandez Tavarez
07/22/07  Santiago,   Dominican Republic

Tony Henriquez Hernandez
01/01/07  Santiago,   Dominican Republic

Alexander Solano Aguilar
01/28/07  San Jose,   Costa Rica

Carlos Enrique Trujillo Pacheco
10/23/07  Maracaibo,   Venezuela

Roberto Nunez Quintero
12/21/07  Maracaibo,   Venezuela

Luis Enrique Arias Gomez
10/10/07  Maracaibo,   Venezuela

Jose Rodriguez
07/07/07  Pawtucket, Rhode Island  USA

John West
08/02/07  Houston, Texas  USA

Jagjit Singh
07/10/07  Seatac, Washington  USA

Vuyisani Mtyhobile
08/02/07  Cape Town,   South Africa

Ferdinand Buhion
08/13/07  Sitio Macanhan, Barangay Carmen  Philippines

Thomas Zacher
08/20/07  Niagra Falls, New York  USA

Murad Buksh
08/24/07  Veisari, Lami  Fiji

Hameed
08/29/07  Lahore,   Pakistan

Niel Losa
08/13/07  Barangay Palaypay, Anilao, Iloilo  Philippines

Steve Guarini
09/09/07  Atlanta, Georgia  USA

Owen "Dwayne" Johnson
09/17/07  Clarendon,   Jamaica

Khalid Pervez
09/20/07  Islamabad,   Pakistan

Arjun Rajak
08/31/07  Dhaula Kuan,   India

Sridhar
09/24/07  Bangalore,   India

Ernesto Aparecio
09/25/07  Quezon City,   Philippines

Mohammed Mahroof
05/08/07  London,   England

Daniel Anibal Aguilera
10/19/07  Madrid,   Spain

Joseph Burrell
09/29/07  North Chicago, Illinois  USA

Miguel Reyes Morales
10/27/07  Boyle Heights, California  USA

Juan Orona Ramos
06/05/06  Durango,   Mexico

Dennis Gonzalez Cortes
11/01/06  El Tigre, Anzoategui  Venzuela

Asatur Tokatlyan
02/23/06  West Hollywood, California  USA

Dimitar Manolov
06/22/06  Haskovo,   Bulgaria

Derrick Majozi
04/01/06  Pietmaritzburg,   South Africa

Deepu
08/27/06  New Delhi,   India

Heiner Bravo Bermudez
03/27/04  San Jose,   Costa Rica

Mark Scribner
10/09/95  Holly Hill, Florida  USA

Valerie Hewitt
11/01/95  Ft. Pierce, Florida  USA

Ghulam Hussain
12/01/92  South Bank,   England

William Montgomery
07/07/89  Louisville, Kentucky  USA

Dale Baurick
04/01/88  Fairbanks, Alaska  USA

Bobby Joe Stuart
03/14/84  Dallas, Texas  USA

Jeffrey Stakem
01/19/84  Dallas, Texas  USA

Andrew Dunkins
07/31/84  Dallas, Texas  USA

Lawrence Butler
12/01/82  Jacksonville, Florida  USA

Nicolas Castanon
02/01/79  El Paso, Texas  USA

Charles Leonard Clark
03/22/79  Atlanta, Georgia  USA

Stephen Solem
12/20/72  Denver, Colorado  USA

Roy Dan Bussey
03/25/60  Pueblo, Colorado  USA

Ernest Bradley
01/01/48  Beliot, Wisconsin  USA

Henry Teelon
12/24/45  Mendon, Vermont  USA

Henri Chauvin
02/03/34  Nantes,   France

Giuseppe Giusti
10/31/26  Sarnia, Ontario  Canada

Harry Garwood
07/23/21  Delaware Township, Camden  New Jersey

Charles Coppola
02/01/19  Hartford, Connecticut  USA

John Werres
05/10/18  Washington, District of Columbia  USA

Charles A. Taft
03/01/17  New Britain, Connecticut  USA

Leslie C. Hopkins
06/13/15  Pawtucket, Rhode Island  USA

Martin Hanaham
11/09/15  Chicago, Illinois  USA



July 17, 2007

55 names have been added to the Memoriam list since the last revision
notice. The number of murdered cab drivers identified by name is now
1629.

The Memoriam page has moved to www.Taxi-Library.org -- the previous
address www.Taxi-L.org will continue to work for another year or two
but it won't hurt to update your bookmarks now.

Many thanks to Ender Wiggin for sharing the results of Internet news
searches. Special thanks to Karl Weiszhaar for hosting Taxi-List and
for sharing the results of Spanish-language news searches for taxi
homicide items. Chris Manning continues to search the French-language
press and forward relevant items, which is much appreciated.

Thanks also to Nancy Burris, Head Librarian at The Times-Picayune in
New Orleans for researching that newspaper's archives, which turned up
ten previously unidentified driver murders. And thanks to Barb Kabrick
who forwarded that informatrion.

Norman Beattie continues his research into Canadian taxi homicides; he
recently sent word of a 1975 murder in Quebec which is added with this
update. Taxi-L founder Terry Smythe sent news articles on the recent
death in Kingston, Ontario. And Ross Nelson kindly forwarded a photo
of Sydney driver Robert Woodger.

Lastly, thanks to Mark who emailed news about the murder of his cousin
Gabor Revesz in Karlesruhe, Germany during April.

Many of the Memoriam entries now have a "Source" link; clicking on 
those links should open a page with the news items relating to that
homicide. Hopefully that will be useful when readers wish to determine
which cases involve legal cabs versus illegal cabs, robberies versus
vehicular homicides, and other distinctions that get lost in a simple 
list.

To judge from statistics provided by the hosting service, all visitors
to the Memoriam list view it sorted by date.  For some reason, no one 
clicks on the links at the top of the list that allow the names to 
display sorted by place, or alphabetically by last name. Maybe those
links need highlighting...

Here are the names added since the last revision notice. Some of them
were added today, others were added over the last couple of months.

=======================

John Worsham 07/15/07  Pallisades Park, New Jersey  USA
Aldo Fabian Otta 07/14/07  Cordoba,   Argentina
Felisio Mallas 07/11/07  Davao City,   Philippines
Pardeep Chand 07/08/07  Bocalevu,   Fiji
Luis Limber Augusto Zambrano 07/08/07  Caracas,   Venezuela
Heraclio Chavez Mitra 07/05/07  San Pedro Mixtepec, Oaxaca  Mexico
Xolile Mbanyarhu 07/04/07  Kraaifontein,   South Africa
Tsuyoshi Fujita 07/01/07  Mihara, Hiroshima Prefecture  Japan
Juan Cobix Velasco 06/30/07  Jesus Carranza,   Mexico
Kwame Ato 06/30/07  Ajumako Kromaim,   Ghana
Dingaane Caza 06/28/07  Cape Town,   South Africa
Joe Womachka 06/27/07  Lakeport, California  USA
Robert Woodger 06/20/07  Sydney, New South Wales  Australia
Kojo Adu 06/19/07  Kasoa,   Ghana
Harville Oakley 06/17/07  Kingston,   Jamaica
Tamaz Makaridze 06/17/07  Tbilisi,   Georgia
David Krick 06/17/07  Kingston, Ontario  Canada
Ghulam Mustafa 06/05/07  Baltimore, Maryland  USA
Charite Salvant 05/31/07  Miami Gardens, Florida  USA
Willie Simmons 05/30/07  Algiers, Louisiana  USA
Waldron Duncan 05/29/07  Falmouth,   Jamaica
Dirk Simon 05/28/07  Profitt, West Coast Berbice  Guyana
Walid Chahine 05/27/07  Somerville, Massachusetts  USA
Jesse Faison, Jr. 05/24/07  Duplin County, North Carolina  USA
Gian Chand Bajar 05/23/07  Gravesend,   England
Chin Joon Toon 05/20/07  Singapore,   Singapore
Bernard Ngwanguma 05/06/07  Fullerton, California  USA
Mohamed Ali Maslah 05/05/07  London,   England
Gabor Revesz 04/20/07  Karlesruhe,   Germany
Terry Wilson 04/18/07  Colorado Springs, Colorado  USA
Mr. Shen 04/15/07  Shanghai,   China
Wai Keung (John) Tsang 04/04/07  San Francisco, California  USA
Uriel Palmer 04/01/07  Kingston,   Jamaica
Nhlanhla Simelane 03/30/07  Mbane,   Swaziland
Fadee Akhtab 03/23/07  Dallas, Texas  USA
Mohammed Adam Jamee 01/01/07  Saudi Arabia
Abdusattar Ali 01/01/07  Saudi Arabia
Mario Ruben Carrizo 12/15/06  Jujuy,   Argentina
Ernesto Juan Rodriguez Tiapa 07/11/06  Puerto La Cruz,   Venezuela
Eduar Maestre Gnneco 07/02/06  Valledupar,   Colombia
Choon Fang Lim 01/01/04  Singapore,   Singapore
Vivekanand Nandalall 10/15/03  East Coast Demerara,   Guyana
Abdul Lateef 07/04/02  Labasa,   Fiji
George Loar, Jr. 09/02/97  New Orleans, Louisiana  USA
Joe Johnson 08/14/97  New Orleans, Louisiana  USA
John Adams 12/27/95  Metarie, Louisiana  USA
Phillip Craft 05/20/95  New Orleans, Louisiana  USA
James Sutton 06/21/94  Algiers, Louisiana  USA
Robert Zaldo 02/12/94  New Orleans, Louisiana  USA
Reza Ayari 01/01/94  Bexar County, Texas  USA
Frank Segreto 04/04/90  New Orleans, Louisiana  USA
John F. McCabe 12/27/88  New Orleans, Louisiana  USA
Leslie Davis 08/21/88  Algiers, Louisiana  USA
Raymond Schoenberger 01/18/80  New Orleans, Louisiana  USA
Jean Maurice Tringle 06/06/75  Farnham, Quebec  Canada




March 19, 2007

This update documents 52 homicides added to the Memoriam pages since the
last report on January 29, 2007.  The taxi drivers' Memoriam page is at:
www.Taxi-L.org

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar of Denver, Colorado and Chris Manning of
Monbulk in Victoria, Australia for sharing the results of their Internet
news searches.  Grateful thanks as always to the pseudonymous Ender
Wiggin.

Thanks also to former driver Edward Dalton for news of his co-worker
Patrick Crone's 1993 murder in Providence, Rhode Island.  The galling
story of a botched prosecution is told in his book "Real Cab Rides"
2006.  See www.isisofprov.com

And another thank you to librarian and former driver Norman Beattie of
Winnipeg who found a site in French that has a list of people who were
executed by guillotine.  Among those are killers whose crimes were the
murders of 15 taxicab drivers between 1926 and 1958.  In most of those
cases the date and place of the crime is given, along with at least the
surname of the slain driver.

The newly added names are:

Friday Shimpungu 03/17/07 Ndola, Zambia
Younis Khan 03/14/07 Sheffield, England
Nandkumar Gavli 03/12/07 Shapur, India
Anne Marie Judy Singh 03/10/07 Moruga, Trinidad and Tobago
Guillermo Richard Zarate 03/04/07 Lima, Peru
Ross Bennie Mosley 02/18/07 Lubbock, Texas USA
Alvin Jenkins 02/16/07  Norwood, Saint James Jamaica
Francios Rakotonaivo 02/13/07 Ankaditapaka Androhibe, Madagascar
Emil Emilov 02/09/07  Sofia, Bulgaria
Rafael Torres Ortiz 02/09/07  Barrancabemeja, Colombia
Isakar Hango 02/07/07  Windhoek, Namibia
Victor Mauel Lopez Ortega 02/06/07  Tecpan de Galeana, Guerrero Mexico
James Lee Moody 02/04/07  Brooklyn Center (Minneapolis), Minnesota USA
Jose Vazquez Duran 01/31/07  Cipoletti, Argentina
Luis Alberto Mateus 01/30/07  Honda, Tolima Colombia
Oliver Hernandez Arias 01/29/07  Guadalupe, Costa Rica
Luis Ramon Marcano Rivas 01/28/07  Bolivar State, Venezuela
Walter Navarro Maravi 01/25/07  Lima, Peru
John F. Cooper 01/22/07  Knoxville, Tennessee USA
Raja Nadeem Ahmed 01/20/07 Shehhzad, Rawalpindi Pakistan
Diego Arboleda 01/16/07  Dosquebradas, Colombia
Santos Alberto Holguin Constante 01/14/07  Guayaquil, Ecuador
Marcos Antonio Campos Gutierrez 01/12/07  Barquisimeto, Venezuela
Hugo Arias Criado 01/07/07  Bucaramanga, Colombia
Juan Trejo Chavez 12/08/06  San Luis Potosi, Mexico
Daniel Eduardo Portillo Rodriquez 10/19/06  Usulutan, El Salvador
Abbas Eltaib Elshikh 08/18/06 Greensboro, North Carolina USA
Sakthi 07/01/06 Sivaganga, India
Patrick Crone 10/01/93  Providence, Rhode Island USA
John C. Stallard 01/20/90  Middletown, New York USA
Charles Cardwell 05/01/79  Gary, Indiana USA
Mr. Estellon 01/01/58 Grenoble, France
Omar Mahrouf 09/07/53 Paris, France
Charles Martin 10/01/48 Rethel, France
Mr. Becker 12/04/46 Metz, France
Jean-Baptiste Gaucher 11/27/46 Brive-la-Gaillarde, France
Charles Diligent 10/14/46 Metz, France
Mr. Caumont 09/22/46 Ladeveze-Riviere, Hautes-Pyrenees France
Mr. Mur 09/19/46 Luchaay, Gironde France
Mr. Anglaret 08/06/46 Riom, France
Julien Galland 04/13/46 Reims, France
Mr. Peretto 01/13/30 Versailles, France
Mr. Boulle 06/15/27 Caen, France
Mr. Studert 07/26/26 Thionville, France

Added to the "Additional Homicides" page:

- a woman driver, name not reported, 3/10/07 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
- a unnamed driver 3/8/07 Shanghai, China
- a cab driver killed approximately 2/28/07 Jenin, West Bank, Palestine
- two minibus-taxi drivers 2/22/07 in South Africa
- a driver, name unknown, 12/8/46 Chalon-sur-Saone, France
- a driver, name unknown, 1946 in France, probably the city of Metz

Also on the "Additional Homicides" page:

- David Jazile, former chairman of South Africa's Codeta taxi
association, murderd 2/16/07 in Harare, Khayelitsha, South Africa

One correction was made to the Memoriam list:

Jorge Alberto Vazquez Serrato 01/14/07  Gomez Palacio, Durango Mexico
...was previously misidentified as Jorge Marquez



Review of 2006 Homicides
January 28, 2007

More than 168 taxi driver homicides worldwide came to light during 2006.
Names, dates and places for each region are indicated below after the
summary.

The data are from the Taxi-L Memoriam list, which is a record of taxi
and livery driver homicides.  The information is gathered by drivers,
mainly from press reports.  Special mention goes to Karl Weiszhaar and
Chris Manning for sharing the results of their extensive searches of
Internet news sources.  Though Taxi-L is an unofficial source, its
coverage is believed to be very nearly complete for recent years in the
USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.  Information
from other parts of the world is becoming increasingly accessible, but
coverage is still spotty.  See www.Taxi-L.org

Summary

For the USA, 30 driver homicides were reported for 2006, plus one limo
dispatcher murdered in the company office and one driver killed in a
wreck that was later charged as vehicular manslaughter.  No pattern or
concentration is apparent in the US deaths, other than to note that the
state of Georgia, with five murders, had more than its share.  No new
murders were reported from Phoenix, which is a welcome change from
recent years.  The huge New York City taxi and livery fleets experienced
just a single homicide during 2006, a testament to the success of that
city's crime prevention strategies.

A scan of the US homicides (see the list below) shows that most of the
crimes occurred in smaller cities rather than in the very large cities.
I'll speculate that the large cities have become relatively less risky
for cab drivers due to their wider adoption of safety equipment.

Unofficial US totals from 2000-2006 are as follows:

2006......30
2005......27
2004......38
2003......45
2002......33
2001......34
2000......48

One driver was murdered in Canada during 2006.  Unofficial totals for
recent years are as follows:

2006.....1
2005.....4
2004.....4
2003.....2
2002.....1
2001.....4
2000.....2

There were two driver murders in Australia during 2006. The totals for
Australia in recent years are:

2006.....2
2005.....0
2004.....1
2003.....0
2002.....2
2001.....0
2000.....3

Three murders were reported from England, the same number as in 2005.
One death each was reported from France and Russia.

Karl's searches of Spanish-language news sources turned up 57 driver
murders in Latin America, which he believes is a fraction of the actual
number.  Press reports also revealed 20 new cases in the Caribbean
nations, which is also certain to be an undercount. In Jamaica, five or
ten additional murders are known to have occurred but no specific
information was reported.  By comparison, last year's review identified
80 murders in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Chris' searches of French-language news sources brought a glimpse into
the world of taxis in Africa and the Indian Ocean, among other places.
At least 20 drivers were murdered in Africa during the year, but the
actual number is likely multiples of that number.

Notably absent from press reports in 2006 were the large numbers of
murders of South African minibus-taxi drivers seen in previous years.
One hopes that the lack of news reflects a real reduction in the violent
turf wars of recent years.

Press reports brought news of at least 28 taxi driver homicides in Asia
and the Middle East during 2006.

++++++++++++++++++++

Following are the specifics arranged by region of the world.

USA (30-32)
------------------
Name Not Reported, 12/31/06, DeKalb County, Georgia
Ju Young Joung, 12/10/06, Bethel, Alaska
Warren J. Miller, 11/24/06, Akron, Ohio
David Searene McDowell, 11/03/06, Wichita Falls, Texas
John Ray Griffith, 11/01/06, Lincoln, Louisiana
Musharaf Poswal, 10/15/06, Richmond, California
Emmanuel Abuna, 10/11/06, Jonesboro, Georgia
Sonnie Wellington, 10/05/06, Chicago, Illinois
Bira Gueye, 10/05/06, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Major Ray Davenport, 09/25/06, Anderson, South Carolina
Rafael Caymayo, 09/03/06, Newark, New Jersey (dispatcher)
Jack L. Home Jr., 08/06/06, Fort Benning, Georgia
Clarence (Chip) Hoosier, 08/02/06, Indianapolis, Indiana
Leis Desir, 07/17/06, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Angel Calva, 07/14/06, Newark, New Jersey
Manh Nguyen, 07/06/06, Honolulu, Hawaii
William Spencer, 06/19/06, Petersberg, Virginia
Rigaud Sylvain, 06/18/06, North Miami Beach, Florida
Parvez Ahmed, 06/11/06, Annandale, Virginia
Berhanu Yassin, 06/06/06, Atlanta, Georgia
Omar Bah, 05/31/06, Baltimore, Maryland
Pamela Holmstrom, 04/30/06, Rockford, Illinois
Kwame Appeagyei, 04/19/06, New York, New York
Edward Sweatt, 04/15/06, Lancaster, California
Zeki Tovi, 03/25/06, Pacific Beach, California (vehicular manslaughter)
Mustafa Aburanat, 03/21/06, Alexandria, Virginia
William Davis, 03/03/06, Cape Coral, Florida
Michael Burwell, 02/10/06, College Park, Georgia
Francisco A. Chavez, 02/02/06, West Palm Beach, Florida
Pablo Vidal Montes, 01/15/06, Los Angeles, California
Denise Manning, 01/11/06, Jacksonville, Florida
Nelsena Jenkins, 01/04/06, Summerville, South Carolina

Canada (1)
-----------------
Mahmood Bhatti, 05/02/06, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Australia (2)
------------------
Rajneesh Joga, 08/09/06, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Youbert Hormozi, 01/31/06, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Europe (5)
----------------
Khamchiyev, 12/01/06, Ingushetia, Russia
Name not reported, 10/17/06, Paris, France
Mohammed Pervaiz, 07/22/06, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England
Kenneth Donegan, 06/08/06, London, England
Mahmood Ahmed, 04/24/06, Keighley, Yorkshire, England

Latin America (57)
---------------------------
Armin Yah Uh, 12/30/06, Cancun, Quintana Mexico
Mario Nilson Arauz Casanova, 12/28/06, Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Saber Mahmoud, 12/06/06, Maracaibo, Venezuela
Jacinto Martinez Santiago, 10/30/06, Coacolta, Veracruz Mexico
Josue Figueroa Perez, 10/29/06, Ziracuaretiro, Michoacan Mexico
Jose Daniel Reyes, 10/28/06, Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Luis Benito Poveda, 10/22/06, Quininde, Ecuador
Gerson Eulises Zamnrano, 10/03/06, Bucaramanga, Colombia
Name not reported, October 2006, Quininde, Ecuador
Name not reported, October 2006, Quininde, Ecuador
Gustavo Adolfo Molina, 09/01/06, Puerto Ordaz, Venezuela
Name not reported, 08/18/06, Buenaventura, Colombia
Leonel Salazar Colon, 07/20/06, Caracas, Venezuela
Evelio Aguilar Avelar, 07/12/06, Santa Tecla, El Salvador
Jorge Luis Medina, 07/01/06, San Felix, Guyana
Name not reported, July 06, Tuxtla Chico, Chiapas, Mexico
Name not reported, July 06, Mexico
Selvin Santos, 06/22/06, Belize City, Belize
Deonarine Sukhdeo, 04/19/06, Laluni, Guyana
Desmond Bentick, 03/31/06, Sophia, Guyana
Miriam Beatriz Martinez, 03/19/06, Cordoba, Argentina
Jorge Eliecer Riano Ariza, 03/19/06, Bucaramanga, Colombia
Daniel Perez, 03/18/06, La Plata, Dominican Republic
Nelson Ramon Zambrano Ynagas, 03/16/06, San Felix, Venezuela
Luis Ramon Miranda Diaz, 03/13/06, Maracay, Venezuela
Milton Jose Quezada Antequera, 03/13/06, El Viejo, Chinandega Nicaragua
Faustino Lopez Hernandez, 03/11/06, Tlacolula, Oaxaca Mexico
Angel Luis Arzola, 03/04/06, Cuidad Bolivar, Venezuela
Jonathan Couttelec Suarez, 03/01/06, Acapulco, Mexico
Ramlall Lakha, 03/01/06, West Coast Demerara, Guyana
Issac Reynoso Rosa, 03/01/06, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Ivan Jose Roque Marquez, 02/28/06, Cumana, Venezuela
Emilio Antonio Devera, 02/26/06, San Felix, Venezuela
Jose Antonio Estanga Cordero, 02/18/06, Caracas, Venezuela
Ronald Diaz, 02/18/06, Caracas, Venezuela
Roberto Alfaro Colque, 02/16/06, La Guardia, Santa Cruz Bolivia
Fernando Nieves, 02/14/06, Acapulco, Mexico
Andres Ramon Pacheco Gomez, 02/11/06, Barquisimeto, Venezuela
Seerajie Singh, 02/10/06, Stabroek, Guyana
Euclide Villaroel, 02/08/06, Caracas, Venezuela
Name not reported, 02/08/06, Los Palos Grandes (Caracas) Venezuela
Bernardo Antonio Baldeon, 02/08/06, Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela
Jesus Leon, 02/05/06, Caracas, Venezuela
Jorge Raul Cabrera, 02/03/06, Cordoba, Argentina
Rafael Emilio Rodriguez Santoya, 01/29/06, Caracas, Venezuela
Mauro Onofre Huaylla Bustos, 01/22/06, Cruz de Huayllas, Oruro Bolivia
Jairo Alberto Jaramillo, 01/21/06, Villamaria, Colombia
Carlos Lavaronnie, 01/19/06, La Plata, Argentina
Celestino Munoz Tapia, 01/14/06, Puente Alto, Chile
Jose Alexander Alberto Benitez, 01/11/06, San Salvador, El Salvador
Salvador Lastra Gomez, 01/10/06, Villa Alemana, Chile
Franklin Johan Kenepe Guelvis, 01/07/06, Catia, Venezuela
Heriberto Jimenez Samaniego, 01/07/06, Rio Hato, Panama
Oscar Jose Toledo, 01/04/06, San Felix, Venezuela
Jorge Poremba, 01/03/06, Rosario, Argentina
Name not reported, 01/03/06, Colonia Escalón, El Salvador
Luigi Ivan Burgos Delgado, 01/01/06, Barquisimeto, Venezuela

Caribbean (20)
----------------------
Juan Carlos Hernandez Torres, 11/28/06, Santo Domingo, Dominican
Republic
Akida Nicholas, 12/10/06, Rousillac  Trinidad and Tobago
Rohan Brown, 12/23/06, Canoe Pond, Oracabessa Jamaica
Anthony Lower, 12/22/06, Portmore, St. Catherine Jamaica
Ehud Dixon, 11/11/06, Lenox, Westmoreland Jamaica
Joseph Wright, 11/06/06, Windsor Heights, St. Catherine Jamaica
Sherman Fowler, 10/31/06, Three Miles, Jamaica
Sidney Brown, 10/23/06, Orange Park, St. Ann Jamaica
Sylvester White, 10/03/06, Clover Hill, St. Ann Jamaica
Name not reported, 09/11/06, Kingston, Jamaica
Christopher "Shabba" Wright, 09/03/06, Kingston, Jamaica
Wayne Ward, 08/14/06, St. Andrew, Jamaica
Patrick Mason, 08/10/06, Clarendon Parish, Jamaica
Silbourne Kirkpatrick Huntley, 08/06/06, Portmore, St. Catherine Jamaica
Rudolph Taylor, 05/14/06, St. Martin's, St. Philip Barbados
Hilton Tracey, 05/13/06, Caura, Trinidad and Tobago
Tyrone Francis, 03/30/06, Spanish Town, Jamaica
Jerome Scipio, 01/21/06, Belmont, Trinidad and Tobago
Timothy Brown, 01/17/06, Belmont, Trinidad and Tobago
Christopher Ernest Brown, 01/13/06, New Providence, Bahamas

Africa and Indian Ocean (20+)
------------------------------------------
Name not reported, 12/28/06, Durban, South Africa
Name not reported, 12/24/06, Driefontein, South Africa
Name not reported, 10/13/06, Cotonou, Benin
Name not reported, October 06, Lubumbashi, Congo
Name not reported, October 06, Lubumbashi, Congo
Name not reported, October 06, Lubumbashi, Congo
Patrick Kamau, 09/19/06, Nairobi, Kenya
Thulani Fakudze, 08/22/06, Malandzela, Mliba, Swaziland
Name not reported, 08/10/06, Mandrosoa Sahalemaka, Madagascar
Bengoufa Omar, 07/29/06, Khemis Milana, Algeria
Name not reported, 07/28/06, Anosizato, Madagascar
Alain Nzedjeu, 07/22/06, Ndopassi, Douala, Cameroon
Multiple drivers, July 06, Nzerekore, Guinea
S.M. Hamid, 05/17/06, Ait Hamsi, Akbil District, Algeria
Andry Sylver Andriamaholisoa, 05/13/06, Tsimbazaza, Madagascar
Name not reported, April 06, Bouzeguene, Algeria
Dharamraj Tengur, 03/06/06, Calebasses, Mauritius
Ndengue Elvis, 02/23/06, Mbengwi, Momo, Cameroon
Lancine Conde, 02/11/06, Thio, Lola, Guinea
Name not reported, 01/21/06, Constantine, Algeria

Asia and Middle East (28+)
---------------------------------------
Muktar Ahmed, 12/26/06, Rakh Litter, Kashmir India
Tomohiro Yagihashi, 12/21/06, Hakodate, Hokkaido Japan
Name not reported, 09/28/06, Hong Kong, China
Kaname Maskubo, 09/16/06, Takatsuki, Osaka Prefecture Japan
Chunamani Thapa Magar, 09/04/06, Koteshwor, Nepal
Chee Wee Hong, 09/03/06, Bandar Kinrara, Malaysia
Marsudi, 08/08/06, South Jakarta, Indonesia
Amir Mohd Usdan, 07/29/06, Sandakan, Borneo Malaysia
Rico Magbanua, 06/21/06, Bacolod City, Philippines
Luong Quoc Anh, 06/01/06, Lam Dong Province Vietnam
Fatimah Saung, 05/27/06, Tingkayu, Malaysia
Abdullah Habib Umar Khan, 05/05/06, Al Qouz, Dubai United Arab Emirates
Zakariya Daraghmeh, 05/04/06, Al-Khalil, Palestine
Mohammed Daud, 05/01/06, Behsud, Maidan Wardak Afghanistan
Muhammad Nadeem, 04/23/06, Sabzi Mandi, Pakistan
Marcelino Sibay, 04/19/06, Quezon City, Philippines
Victor Erez, 04/17/06, Tel Aviv, Israel
Khan Mati, 04/17/06, Angoor Ada, South Waziristan Pakistan
Name not reported, April 06, Northern Balkh Province, Afghanistan
Nasrat Ali Hassan, 03/14/06, Kandahar, Afghanistan
Alberto Dinobo Jr., 03/05/06, Muntinlupa City, Philippines
Bilal, 02/28/06, Wana, South Waziristan Pakistan
Balram Shrestha, 02/27/06, Dulegaunda Bazaar, Tanahun Nepal
Jitendra Shrestha, 02/06/06, Lalitpur, Nepal
Name not reported, 01/26/06, Minhang District, China
Kamal Kumar, 01/16/06, Libra Village, Punjab  India
Multiple drivers, early 2006, Four cities in Pakistan
Multiple drivers (among an estimated 50 total), 2006, Delhi and Uttar
Pradesh, India



January 28, 2007

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar, Chris Manning and Ender Wiggin for
sharing the results of their Internet news searches.  This update of the
Taxi-L Memoriam page brings the total identified by name to 1532, plus
more than a thousand whose names were not reported.

Among the recently added cases are two unnamed drivers killed in South
Africa and one in DeKalb County Georgia (USA).  Another driver went
missing and is believed dead in Shenyang, China where two other drivers
were murdered in recent weeks.  In Russia, a pre-2002 series of murders
came to light with the news of a conviction in the case of 20 taxi
drivers killed in the Tomsk region by a gang of car thieves.

The newly added names include ten from Latin America, three from the US,
and one each from Europe, Africa and the Caribbean.

Monier Gindy 01/04/07 Marrero, Louisiana USA
John Thomas Lamb 01/06/07 Lawton, Oklahoma USA
Raneshia Lyshaun Kelly 01/14/07 LaMarque, Texas USA
Zhivko Dimitrov 01/03/07 Sliven, Bulgaria
Gilbert Njinga Sinkon 01/20/07 Bafoussam, Cameroon
Anthony Genius 01/22/07 Montego Bay, Jamaica
Armin Yah Uh 12/30/06 Cancun, Quintana  Mexico
Gustavo Orozco 01/01/07 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nestor Martin Limardo 02/12/03 Buenos Aires, Argentina
Oscar Jose Toledo 01/04/06 San Felix, Venezuela
Moises Montano Pardo 01/05/07 Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Regino Mateos 01/08/07 Montevideo, Uruguay
Miguel Carlosama Mora 01/07/07 Guayaquil, Ecuador
Ramon Celestino Aleman Alcala 01/10/00 Barcelona, Venezuela
Mario Nilson Arauz Casanova 12/28/06 Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Jorge Marquez 01/14/07 Monterrey, Durango Mexico




November 14, 2006

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar and Ender Wiggin for a harvest of news
items from around the world.  Thanks especially to Karl for his work
with ambiguous reports from the Latin American press where the line
between narco-gangsters and workaday cabbies is not always clear.

My reasoning for including the suspected narco cases (beside the
difficulty in sorting them out) is that taxi murders involving
criminal activity on the part of the driver illustrate that such
activity is a risk factor for murder...good cabbie or bad cabbie, it's
still a taxi homicide.  Similarly, the police in Jamaica recently
pointed to illegal cab operators as the cause of the high number of
taxi homicides there.  Licenced cab or unlicensed cab, it's still a
cab, though the evidence seems to say that unlicensed operation is
itself a risk factor for murder.

Thanks also to Chris Manning for following the French-language press,
and to both Chris and Taxirob for info regarding the 1952 muder of
Athol Henry McCowan in Queensland, Australia.  Taxirob also offered
fragmentary info on a pre-1977 murder in a place called Beenleigh on
the Gold Coast of Australia, but there is not yet enough information
on name or date for a Memoriam entry.

Lastly, Karl Weiszhaar spotted a date error in the Memoriam list.  The
entry for Trevor O'Dell of Edmonton has been corrected.

The new entries on the Memoriam list are:

Ehud Dixon 11/11/06  Lenox, Westmoreland  Jamaica

Joseph Wright 11/06/06  Windsor Heights, St. Catherine Jamaica

David Searene McDowell 11/03/06  Wichita Falls, Texas  USA

John Ray Griffith 11/01/06  Lincoln, Louisiana  USA

Sherman Fowler 10/31/06  Three Miles, Jamaica

Jacinto Mart¡nez Santiago 10/30/06  Coacolta, Veracruz  Mexico

Josue Figueroa Perez 10/29/06  Ziracuaretiro, Michoacan  Mexico

Jose Daniel Reyes 10/28/06  Tegucigalpa,   Honduras

Sidney Brown 10/23/06  Orange Park, St. Ann  Jamaica

Luis Benito Poveda 10/22/06  Quininde,   Ecuador

Musharaf Poswel, 10/15/06, Richmond, California  USA

Emmanuel Abuna 10/11/06  Jonesboro, Georgia  USA

Bira Gueye 10/05/06  Winston-Salem, North Carolina  USA

Sonnie Wellington 10/05/06  Chicago, Illinois  USA

Sylvester White 10/03/06  Clover Hill, St. Ann  Jamaica

Gerson Eulises Zamnrano 10/03/06  Bucaramanga, Colombia

Kaname Maskubo 09/16/06  Takatsuki, Osaka Prefecture  Japan

Gustavo Adolfo Molina 09/01/06  Puerto Ordaz, Venezuela

Evelio Aguilar Avelar 07/12/06  Santa Tecla,   El Salvador

Mustafa Aburanat 03/21/06  Alexandria, Virginia  USA

Kamal Musalem 08/15/01  Shilo, Palestine


Additional murders in which the drivers were not identified by name:

- Three drivers killed by gangsters during late-October in Lubumbashi, Congo

- A motorbike taxi driver slain 10/13/06 in the African country of Benin



October 2, 2006

Ooops!

Thanks to Norman Beattie for spotting this.

Jacob Dickey 1923 London (Ontario) should be London (England).

Norman notes that the killer (in England) had previously been in
Canada.  There was speculation in the press that he was responsible
for as many as three Toronto cab driver murders.  They are Carmen
Leapello (1917), John G. Rowland (1919) and Harry Strom (1921).

"Another suspect was identified by name in the Strom case but the
Leapello and Rowland cases remain unsolved as far as I can determine."



October 1, 2006

The Taxi-L Memoriam list of murdered cab drivers has grown by 27 names
since the last update notice on August 8.

See www.Taxi-L.org/murdrate.htm for the full list which now includes
1476 names.

Two other cases were reported in which the driver's name was not
reported, one each in Jamaica and Hong Kong.  Those deaths are
recorded as best as possible on the Additional Homicides page at
www.Taxi-L.org/mem-addl.htm

Also on the Additional Homicides page is the murder of livery
dispatcher Rafael Caymayo who was killed at work in Newark, New
Jersey.

Two or three "name not reported" cases moved from the Additional list
to the main Memoriam list thanks to press reports that identified the
driver in question.  One of those reported on recent arrests in the
April 15 murder of driver Edward Sweatt in Southern California.

Eleven of the newly identified murders happened years ago.  They
include the earliest driver homicide identified so far, the murder in
1680 of London horse cab driver Philip Caps.  Many thanks to David
Gawthorn of Melbourne for discovering a report on the case among the
online records of the Old Bailey.  The next known driver murder after
that was more than 200 years later in Chicago.

Also among the older cases is the 1965 murder of London driver Ivor
Pearce who was a member of ODRTS, the predecessor firm to Dial-a-Cab,
which is the radio circuit that Alan Fisher is affiliated with.

I am still slowly making my way through voluminous material that
Norman Beattie of Winnipeg turned up earlier this year while searching
a newspaper database.  Nine of the newly added cases are from the
information sent by Norman.  I expect that as many as a few dozen more
driver homicides from years ago will eventually be added to the
Memoriam list from the 70+ reports still awaiting a close reading.

I have taken to heart the comments in August by Taxi-List readers on
where to "draw the line" as regards the cases to include among our
slain colleagues.  Unfortunately the advice from readers was
contradictory, which mirrors my own ambiguous feelings about some of
the killings.  For lack of a more rigorous system, I'll continue to
err on the side of including rather than excluding, and offer my
apologies in advance to those who may feel it inappropriate to include
certain cases, for instance unlicensed operators.  This current update
adds as a homicide victim the name of Kenneth Donegan (London) who
died in June of a heart attack and wreck which were precipitated by a
robbery.

As always, many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar, Chris Manning and Ender
Wiggin who monitor the press for news of taxis worldwide.


Reported by Karl Weiszhaar of Denver
--------------------------------------
- Jerry Need, Terre Haute Indiana in 1992
- Chunamani Thapa Magar in Koteshwor Nepal on 9/4/2006 in an apparent
   robbery

Reported by Ender Wiggin
---------------------------
- Thulani Fakudze  08/22/06  Malandzela, Mliba  Swaziland
- Ray Davenport  09/25/06  Anderson, South Carolina  USA
- Patrick Mason  08/10/06  Clarendon Parish,   Jamaica
- Silbert Huntley  08/06/06  St. Catherine,   Jamaica
- Marsudi  08/08/06  South Jakarta,   Indonesia
- Jack L. Home Jr. 08/06/06  Fort Benning, Georgia  USA
- Wayne Ward 08/14/06  St. Andrew,   Jamaica
- Berhanu Yassin 06/06/06  Atlanta, Georgia  USA
- Chee Wee Hong 09/03/06  Bandar Kinrara,   Malaysia
- Christopher "Shabba" Wright  09/03/06  Kingston,   Jamaica
- Patrick Kamau 09/19/06  Nairobi,  Kenya
- Edward Sweatt 04/15/06  Lancaster, California  USA
- Kenneth Donegan 06/08/06  London,   England (heart attack and crash
   after being robbed)
- Luong Quoc Anh 06/01/06, Lam Dong Province  Vietnam (2 killers
   sentenced to death)

Reported by Norman Beattie of Winnipeg
------------------------------------------
- William Aikin, Belfast, N. Ireland 1990 by IRA
- Cormac Brady, Dublin, Ireland in a 2003 robbery, one of three that
   month
- Jeffrey Bull, Buffalo, NY on Christmas Day 1996
- Santo Cassaro, Albany NY 1996 in a robbery
- Jacob Dickey, London Ontario 1923, suspect in 3 Toronto cab murders
   as well
- Sunday Adlabi Atoyebi, Greensboro, North Carolina following an
   argument
- Ivor Pearce, ODRTS member killed 12/16/65 at Stanmore Commons,
   Middlesex England
- Alderic Proulx 11/23/74  Baie-Comeau, Quebec  Canada
- Jack Armstrong 10/05/79  Cowbridge, Vale of Glamorgan  Wales

Reported by Chris Manning of the Dandenong area near Melbourne
----------------------------------------------------------------
- Andry Sylver Andriamaholisoa 05/13/06  Tsimbazaza,   Madagascar

Reported by David Gawthorne of Melbourne
--------------------------------------------
- Philip Caps (1680)  04/10/80  London,  England (wounded with a sword
   by a no-pay passenger, died later of complications; the killer was
   sentenced to death)



August 8, 2006

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar, Chris Manning and Ender Wiggin for
gathering the news on these crimes.  The newly added names bring the
total on the Taxi-L Memoriam list to 1449 murdered drivers identified
by name.   There are a couple of new lines in the "Additional
Homicides" section as well.  That second list notes more than 1000
other murders that for some reason are not on the Memoriam list,
usually because the slain driver's name was not reported.

Here are the 13 newly added names.  See www.Taxi-L.org for the full
list.

Angel Calva
07/14/06  Newark, New Jersey  USA
livery with no partition or camera

Leis Desir
07/17/06  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  USA
at a gas station

Mohammed Pervaiz
07/22/06  Huddersfield, West Yorkshire  England
apparently a racially motivated attack

Amir Mohd Usdan
07/29/06  Sandakan, Borneo  Malaysia

Huay Dee Ong
06/15/00  Singapore,   Singapore

Bengoufa Omar
07/29/06  Khemis Milana,   Algeria

Leonel Salazar Colon
07/20/06  Caracas,   Venezuela
possibly in the city of Santa Rosales, not Caracas

Daniel Perez
03/18/06  La Plata,   Dominican Republic

Jorge Luis Medina
07/01/06  San Felix,   Guyana

Andres Ramon Pacheco Gomez
02/11/06  Barquisimeto,   Venezuela

Luigi Ivan Burgos Delgado
01/01/06  Barquisimeto,   Venezuela
precise date in 2006 is not known

Clarence (Chip) Hoosier
8/2/06 Indianapolis, Indiana USA

Rajneesh Joga
8/9/06 Melbourne, Victoria  Australia
pushed from his moving cab

================================

Illegal Operators and the Memoriam List

There was a discussion here last month that I intended to weigh in on,
but managed to miss altogether.  Belatedly, here is the reasoning for
including illegal cab drivers on the Memoriam list.

- First, there are many gray areas.  A good example is Denise Manning
who was murdered in Jacksonville, Florida. The cab company had lost
its permit to operate that cab because of unroadworthiness, so it was
an illegal cab.  But it would be absurd to exclude her murder which
was in every other respect just like hundreds of other cab driver
murders.

- Secondly, illegal operators are a large part of the local cab
industry in many places.  In the UAE, for instance, a recent news
report said that 90% of the cabs in a place called Ajman are operating
illegally.  I suspect that many of the cases we hear about from Latin
America and Africa may also be illegal or "informal" operators.  I've
heard that most of the cabs in Moscow are illegal, and that there may
be as many "bandit cabs" in Los Angeles as there are legal cabs.  Does
it make sense to exclude most of the industry?

- Third, illegal operators may be the only cabs in some areas.  For
instance, NYC gypsy cabs operate in the roughest parts of that city,
where legal cabs and liveries won't go.  They are seen as cab drivers
by the communities they serve, and do exactly the same work as legal
cabs.

- Lastly, incomplete information is a big problem.  Like Alan says,
the press uses the term "cab driver" to describe a very wide range of
operators.

Rather than saying that illegal cabs don't count when their drivers
are murdered, we should instead recognize that illegal operation may
itself be a risk factor for murder.  Stated the other way around,
legal operation is a risk-reduction factor with all its requirements
for background checks, safety equipment and insurance.

So my rule of thumb is that the work of a cab driver is what makes a
person a cab driver or not.  Much as I value my own taxi permit, I
recognize that a piece of paper stamped by a bureaucrat in City Hall
is not the deciding factor in determining whether someone is working
as a cab driver.

BTW, I also recognize that others may see this very differently, and
am willing to change my views.  The Memoriam list is the work of many
people.  I'm the current caretaker but do not feel like I "own" it.

One solution to the many gray cases would be to simply make each name
on the list link to an account of what happened, like Norm Beattie has
done for Canadian driver homicides.  That way a person reviewing, say
London driver murders, could easily sort out for themselves whether
the crimes involved licensed cabs, minicabs or illegal cabs.
Unfortunately, my database and web skills are not quite up to the
technical challenges.

=============================

Other Tough Calls for the Memoriam List

Other types of cab driver deaths are even more difficult to sort out
than illegal operation.

Consider a couple of specific cases that illustrate why it is not so
easy to know where to draw the line.  Would you call these "murders?"
Do you agree with my reasoning about whether or not to include them on
the Memoriam list?

1. There was a driver in Moscow who was stabbed and killed by a woman
passenger in December 2003.  The woman claimed that the driver had
sexually assaulted her. She was found guilty of murder, but then the
conviction was overturned.

Was the driver a criminal?  Or was he doubly a victim, robbed first of
his life and then robbed of his good name?  The driver never had a
chance to offer a word in his own defense.  Importantly, what is the
right message from other cab drivers to the murdered driver's family
members, who were much troubled by the killer's overturned conviction?

After discussing the matter with Chris Manning in a series of emails,
this case was placed on the "Additional Homicides" list with a brief
description of what happened. It's not on the main Memoriam list
because of uncertainty about the driver's role in the crime.


2. Where would you draw the line in these three similar cases?

- In Tulsa Oklahoma, an assailant fired a gun inside the cab during
the course of a robbery.  The driver fought back and got the gun away,
but suffered a heart attack as a result of the struggle and died.
Taxi driver murdered, or not?

- Recently a cab driver in England died of a heart attack when his
taxi crashed into a wall moments after he had driven away following a
robbery.  Again, taxi driver murdered, or not?

- A driver in Bendigo, Australia had a fight with a passenger, then
died in his cab a short time later (possibly of a heart attack like in
the other examples.)   Taxi driver murdered, or not?

I put the first one on the Memoriam list because the victim died
during the commission of a crime by the assailant, therefore it was a
murder.

The second case is still sitting in my Inbox because I couldn't figure
out what to do with it.  I'm thinking now that it should be counted as
a murder because the death was a consequence of the robbery.

The death in Bendigo went onto the "Additional Homicides" list with a
brief description of what happened.  That way readers can decide for
themselves.


3. There have been a couple of unusual cases in the last year that
were auto wrecks, which are generally not counted in the Memoriam list
of murdered drivers.

One example was a guy in LA during February who slammed into a cab
while fleeing at high speed from the police, and then was charged with
murder in the death of the cab driver.  Should the name go on the
Memoriam list in that case?

What about the death in Toronto where the driver was killed when two
young men were street racing?  I don't recall offhand what they were
charged with.  I've treated that one as an auto wreck and not put it
on the Memoriam list, but what if the other driver is charged with
homicide?



July 12, 2006

There have been twenty-three additions to the Taxi-L Memoriam list of
slain cab drivers since the last notice of an update.  The total
identified by name is now 1436. Please visit the newly re-designed
Memoriam page at www.Taxi-L.org

Special thanks to those who sent news and translations about driver
homicides.  They are: Australian driver Chris Manning; Denver driver
Karl Weiszhaar; former Vancouver driver and now researcher Norman
Beattie; psuedonymous news searcher Ender Wiggin; pseudonymous driver
Mamo of Washington DC; former driver/manager Don McCurdy of Texas; Jim
Szekeley of West Virginia; and Limo Barbie of Florida.  (Apologies to
anyone whom I've neglected to mention.)

The newly identified homicides are:

Manh Nguyen 07/06/06 Honolulu, Hawaii USA
Selvin Santos 06/22/06 Belize City, Belize
Rico Magbanua 06/21/06 Bacolod City, Philippines
William Spencer 06/19/06 Petersberg, Virginia USA
Rigaud Sylvain 06/18/06 North Miami Beach, Florida USA
Parvez Ahmed 06/11/06 Annandale, Virginia USA
Omar Bah 5/31/06 Baltimore, Maryland
Fatimah Saung 5/27/06 Tingkayu, Malaysia
S.M. Hamid 5/17/06 Ait Hamsi, Akbil District Algeria
Mohammed Daud 5/01/06 Behsud, Maidan Wardak Afghanistan
Jorge Eliecer Riano Ariza 3/19/06 Bucaramanga, Colombia
Miriam Beatriz Martinez 3/19/06 Cordoba, Argentina
Nelson Ramon Zambrano Ynagas 3/16/06 San Felix, Venezuela
Milton Jose Quezada Antequera 3/13/06 El Viejo, Chinandega Nicaragua
Luis Ramon Miranda Diaz 3/13/06 Maracay, Venezuela
Faustino Lopez Hernandez 3/11/06 Tlacolula, Oaxaca Mexico
Ramlall Lakha 3/01/06 West Coast Demerara, Guyana
William Paniagua 5/01/05 Valencia, Venezuela
Martin Williams 02/05/04 Marabella, Trinidad and Tobago
Jamshaid Khan 1/01/88 Pakistan
Roland Wright 03/01/87 Reno, Nevada  USA
Manuel Albizu 03/13/76 San Sebastian, Spain
Yves Pigeon 01/21/75  Montreal, Quebec Canada



May 22, 2006

This update of the taxi drivers' Memoriam list brings the total of
murdered drivers identified by name to 1414.  Nineteen names have been
added since the last revision notice on April 18.

See www.Taxi-L.org/murdrate.htm for the full list of names.

Thanks to driver Christopher Thomas of Peoria, IL for info on the
murder of Peter Nelson in that city during 1997.  Thanks also to
William Roushorn of Nova Scotia for information on the murder of his
brother, Wayne Roushorn, in Nepean, Ontario during 1977.

Drivers Chris Manning in Australia and Karl Weiszhaar in Denver, as
well as the pseudonymous Ender Wiggin, contributed news items on the
other new crimes identified by driver's name in this update.

In addition to the cases newly identified by name, 70+ more cases have
been found in which the drivers' names were not reported, and which
therefore will not appear on the Memoriam list of names.

Two of those were recent murders in Algeria.  Those crimes are noted
on the "Additional Homicides" section of the Memoriam.

See www.Taxi-L.org/mem-addl.htm

Also not identified by name and therefore recorded on the "Additional
Homicides" list is the April 15 murder of a driver in Lancaster,
California (near Los Angeles), and an unknown number of drivers in
Delhi and Uttar Pradesh (India) who were slain by a serial killer
suspected in more than 50 murders.

Also added to the "Additional Homicides" section are more than 30
cases discovered by Winnipeg librarian and former taxicab driver
Norman Beattie in his review of archives of the Washington Post.  The
cases, none of them including the driver's name in the articles, date
from the 1920s to the 1960s and are mostly in the Washington DC and
northern Virginia areas.

Three more news reports from Norman were from the Toronto Star
archives, one of which notes the murders of 32 chauffeurs in Rumania
during a year by a serial killer in the mid-1940s.  Norman's main
taxi-related research is on Canadian homicides, which work is
accessible at:

www.Taxi-L.org/canada/canada1.htm


The newly added murders for which the driver's name has been reported
are:

Rudolph Taylor 05/14/06  St. Martin's, St. Philip Barbados
Hilton Tracey 05/13/06  Caura, Trinidad and Tobago
Abdullah Habib Umar Khan 05/05/06  Al Qouz, Dubai United Arab Emirates
Zakariya Daraghmeh 05/04/06  Al-Khalil, Palestine
Mahmood Bhatti 05/02/06  Toronto, Ontario Canada
Pamela Holmstrom 04/30/06  Rockford, Illinois  USA
Mahmood Ahmed 04/24/06  Keighley, England
Muhammad Nadeem 04/23/06  Sabzi Mandi, Pakistan
Deonarine Sukhdeo 04/19/06  Laluni, Guyana
Marcelino Sibay 04/19/06  Quezon City, Philippines
Kwame Appeagyei 04/19/06  New York, New York  USA
Khan Mati 04/17/06  Angoor Ada, South Waziristan Pakistan
Jonathan Couttelec Suarez 03/01/06  Acapulco, Mexico
Angel Luis Arzola 03/04/06  Cuidad Bolivar, Venezuela
Ronald Diaz 02/18/06  Caracas, Venezuela
Omar Campbell 08/02/05  Mount Vernon, New York  USA
Rupert Carrington 01/02/02  Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
Peter Nelson 11/01/97  Peoria, Illinois USA
Kurt Gaarn-Larsen 10/20/85  Copenhagen, Denmark



April 18, 2006

Twenty-three new names have been added to the taxi driver Memoriam
list.  Another will likely be added shortly if the press reports the
name of a driver killed in Los Angeles on Saturday.

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar, Ender Wiggin, Chris Manning and Norman
Beattie for sending the news items on which this update is based.
Thanks also to Joe Minnich for sending a link to a photo of slain
driver Francisco Chavez.

See www.Taxi-L.org for the full Memoriam list which now stands at 1395
identified by name.

In years gone by, it seemed like almost every news report of a taxi
driver murder followed a predictable script.  "A cabbie was found
slumped over the wheel last night, dead from a gunshot to the head.
Police are calling it a botched robbery."

Most of the homicides in this current update, which are mostly from
overseas, do not follow that pattern at all.

One of the drivers, in Nepal, was killed by Maoists apparently for
defying a general strike.ordered by the rebels.  Another driver, in
Cameroon, was shot and killed by a police officer.  Yet another
driver, in Afghanistan, was apparently killed when Canadian troops
fired on his three-wheel taxi.  A taxi driver in Israel was one of
those killed in a Tel Aviv suicide bombing.

Two other cases involved motor vehicle accidents in which murder
charges were brought.  One was in Southern California where a driver
died when his cab was struck by a vehicle whose driver was fleeing
police.  The other was in Florida where a driver died of burns in a
wreck that happened while he was being assaulted and robbed by a
passenger.

At least seven of the new cases involved theft of the vehicles.  Four
were Peruvian drivers killed by a gang that stole cars for resale.
Another was a motorbike taxi driver in the African country of Guinea,
killed by a passenger who stole his motorbike.  Yet another was a
driver in Guyana, the latest of several taxi drivers in that country
to die in apparent carjackings.  The last was a driver in Pakistan
murdered by a man who wanted to steal his car. (The killer faced swift
judgment by a local sharia council and was executed just one month
after the crime.)

And two of the newly identified cases, in Maryland and Jamaica, were
drivers who died at the hands of criminals who committed multiple
murders.

==================

The newly added names are:

Balram Shrestha
02/27/06
Dulegaunda Bazaar, Tanahun  Nepal

Asatur Tokatlyan
02/23/06
West Hollywood, California  USA

Ndengue Elvis
02/23/06
Mbengwi, Momo  Cameroon

Mr. Chen
05/03/05
Anhui Province, China

William Davis
03/03/06
Cape Coral, Florida  USA

Sean Powell
07/01/00
Baltimore, Maryland  USA

Jose Antonio Estanga Cordero
02/18/06
Caracas, Venezuela

Bilal
02/28/06
Wana, South Waziristan  Pakistan

Alberto Dinobo Jr.
03/05/06
Muntinlupa City, Philippines

Nasrat Ali Hassan
03/14/06
Kandahar, Afghanistan

Lancine Conde
02/11/06
Thio, Lola  Guinea

Kwame Acheampong
12/23/05
Nankese, Ghana

Tyrone Francis
03/30/06
Spanish Town, Jamaica

Ofnick Loncar
06/14/37
Sudbury, Ontario  Canada

Desmond Bentick
03/31/06
Sophia, Guyana

Julio Enrique Perez Quispe
11/18/04
Puno, Peru

Freddy Benito Mamani Chayna
02/14/05
Puno, Peru

Juan Sacarias Callata Mamani
11/10/05
 Puno, Peru

Pedro Quispe Calsina
12/31/04
Puno, Peru

Jose Alexander Alberto Benitez
01/11/06
San Salvador, El Salvador

Emilio Antonio Devera
02/26/06
San Felix, Venezuela

Ivan Jose Roque Marquez
02/28/06
Cumana, Venezuela

Victor Erez
4/17/06
Tel Aviv, Israel



February 28, 2006

This is to note that the Taxi-L Memoriam List has 18 additions.  12 of
the murders were in the last month.  See www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm for
the full list which now stands at 1372 slain drivers identified by
name and hundreds more "name not reported."

Canadian readers may be especially interested in the ongoing updates
of the special section on taxi-driver homicides in that country. Norm
Beattie's research is the best that has ever appeared on the subject
of taxi homicides and I urge all to take a look. The current Canadian
update was completed yesterday, and further revisions are planned
during March.  There is a link at the top of the Taxi-L Memoriam page,
or go directly to:
http://taxi-library.home.att.net/canada/canada1.htm

Many thanks to all who contribute information to the Memoriam project,
with a special tip of the cap to Denver driver Karl Weiszhaar.  Karl's
efforts to document the crime situation in Latin America is revealing
a taxi homicide problem of monstrous proportions.  For instance, to
judge from one of the recent press reports, there may have been 100+
drivers slain in the city of Caracas during the first two months of
this year, though only a few have been reported by name.

Thanks also to Australian driver Chris Manning who reviews the
French-language press.  That work provides a window on large parts of
the world that are overlooked by the English-language media.

Following are the recently added cases worldwide.

Roberto Alfaro Colque
02/16/06  La Guardia, Santa Cruz Bolivia

Fernando Nieves
02/14/06  Acapulco, Mexico

Michael Burwell
02/10/06  College Park, Georgia

Seerajie Singh
02/10/06  Stabroek, Guyana

Bernardo Antonio Baldeon
02/08/06  Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela

Euclide Villaroel
02/08/06  Caracas, Venezuela

Unidentified taxi driver
02/08/06. Los Palos Grandes (Caracas) Venezuela

Francisco A. Chavez
02/02/06  West Palm Beach, Florida USA

Jitendra Shrestha
02/06/06  Lalitpur, Nepal

Jesus Leon
02/05/06  Caracas, Venezuela

Jorge Raul Cabrera
02/03/06  Cordoba, Argentina

Rafael Emilio Rodriguez Santoya
01/29/06  Caracas, Venezuela

Lee R. Lacy
12/23/05  Omaha, Nebraska USA

Elkin Ariel Adarme Candela
12/01/05  Bucaramanga, Colombia

Juan Carlos Pena
12/01/05  Bucaramanga, Colombia

Elwyn Sampson
11/21/01  Port of Prince, Trinidad and Tobago

Victor Bilton
03/21/92  Houston, Texas USA

Emile Girard
01/01/38  Montreal, Quebec Canada



February 1, 2006

Starting with this update I will highlight issues that in my opinion
contribute to the high homicide rate in the taxi industry.

Sixteen names have been added to the Taxi-L Memoriam list bringing the
total identified by name to 1355.  Thanks again to Karl Weiszhaar,
Chris Manning and Ender Wiggin for sharing information and news with
their fellow drivers worldwide.

Eight of the newly added taxi driver homicides were reported in a
single news article recapping murders in the city of Barquisimeto,
Venezuela during 2005.  It is possible that one or more of the eight
were bus drivers instead of taxi drivers, and it is certain that some
of them were "pirata" operating illegally.

It is noteworthy that so many of the recent additions are murders of
illegal or "gypsy" cab drivers.  In the US, two unlicensed drivers
were reported killed in Baltimore during December 2005.  Likewise a
jitney-cab driver slain in Pittsburgh during December was operating
outside the law.  A driver killed in Florida during January was
driving a cab that was in service illegally.  And the January 15
driver murder in Los Angeles may have involved one of the many
"bandit" cabs operating in that city.

It's not possible to make a firm statement on the basis of fragmentary
evidence, but it may be that illegal or "gypsy" operation is a strong
indicator of homicide risk in the cab business.  If such a correlation
actually exists, then it is a red flag not just for the gypsy drivers
themselves, but also for city governments that are struggling to
reduce homicides.  Baltimore officials, for instance, might be well
advised to pay more attention to the gypsy cabs if they want to reduce
the homicide rate in their city.

By the same token, cab operators who are frustrated with lax
enforcement against illegal operators might suggest to local
regulators that failing to crack down on gypsy cabs will lead to
elevated homicide rates.

See the updated Memoriam list at www.Taxi-L.org

The newly identified names are:

Youbert Hormozi
01/31/06  Sydney, New South Wales  Australia

Carlos Lavaronnie
01/19/06  La Plata,   Argentina

Jairo Alberto Jaramillo
01/21/06  Villamaria,   Colombia

Mauro Onofre Huaylla Bustos
01/22/06  Cruz de Huayllas, Oruro  Bolivia

Christopher Ernest Brown
01/13/06  New Providence,   Bahamas

Jerome Scipio
01/21/06  Belmont,   Trinidad and Tobago

Kamal Kumar
01/16/06  Libra Village, Punjab  India

Timothy Brown
01/17/06  Belmont,   Trinidad and Tobago

Jorge Luis Villalobos Gonzalez
01/13/05  Barquisimeto, Lara  Venezuela

Ruben Dario Orellana
01/14/05  Barquisimeto, Lara  Venezuela

Miguel Segundo Pinto Betancourt
07/01/05  Barquisimeto, Lara  Venezuela

Cruerme Oliveros Vargas Gonzalez
07/09/05  Barquisimeto, Lara  Venezuela

Antonio Montes Gonzalez
07/11/05  Barquisimeto, Lara  Venezuela

Johan Jose Rodriguez
08/14/05  Barquisimeto, Lara  Venezuela

Oswaldo Ereu Sarmiento
09/01/05  Barquisimeto, Lara  Venezuela

Omer de Jesus Caridad
11/01/05  Barquisimeto, Lara  Venezuela

And there were three more cases in which driver names were not
reported.  These are noted in the "Additional" section of the Memoriam
page.

Name not reported
1/3/06  Colonia Escalon, El Salvador

Name not reported
1/21/06  Constantine, Algeria

Names not reported
Several drivers abducted and slain by gangsters in the past few years
Cochin, India



January 18, 2006

This update of the Taxi-L Memoriam list adds dozens of names and
brings the total identified to 1339 as of January 17, 2006.

See http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm

Many of the newly identified murders date from years ago.  They were
discovered by researcher and former taxi driver Norman Beattie of
Winnipeg.  Norman recently conducted a search of the online newspaper
archive of "The Oklahoman" (Oklahoma City, OK) and found 24 taxicab
driver homicides that were not already on the Memoriam list. Norm
believes that there are more to be found in that archive but his
pay-per-day time using the online service ran out before he could
complete the search.

Four of the cases reported in "The Oklahoman" occurred in Pittsburgh,
PA during 1960. They provide evidence that driver homicides have
probably been more-or-less common for a long time, and are not just a
phenomenon of recent decades.  As in other searches of online news
archives, it is a case of "the more you look, the more you find."

Denver driver Karl Weiszhaar contributed summaries of news items from
the Spanish-language online media.  They include reports of seven
Central and South American driver murders, six of them within the last
three weeks.

Karl also discovered a single news item reporting ten driver murders
last year in the city of Barquisimeto, Venezuela.  Those cases will be
noted in a future Memoriam update after a closer reading of the news
item.

Four more driver homicides occurred in the US during the last three
weeks.

And one additional case (Palestine) is noted in the endnotes section
of the Memoriam list because the driver's name was not reported in the
press.


The 36 newly reported homicides offer plenty of food for thought.
They include numerous cases that fall outside the stereotype of a taxi
driver murder.

Three of the crimes were committed by US servicemen during the 1960s
against German cab drivers.  Another driver, in Hungary, was killed by
Soviet troops.

One of the recent killings in Latin America involved a cab driver who
accidentally killed a police officer in a car wreck two months ago.
The cab driver was apparently hunted down and murdered by the deceased
officer's colleagues on the police force.

In yet another case, a Palestinian cab driver was killed when one of
his passengers detonated a bomb at a military checkpoint.

Some of the new cases highlight the difficulty in determining which
killings of cab drivers "count" and which don't count. The driver
killed last week in Jacksonville was apparently driving a cab that was
in service illegally. Similarly, a driver killed in Baltimore on
December 31 was driving an unlicensed cab. And the murder in Los
Angeles a couple of days ago sounds to me like it may have involved
one of the thousands of gypsy cabs in that city, even though the news
item does not say so explicitly.

My rule-of-thumb is to count them all unless the crime clearly had
nothing to do with the driver's work as a cab driver.  It doesn't
matter if the killer was a soldier or a police officer or a suicide
bomber, or as happened a couple of weeks ago in Fiji, another cab
driver in an argument over business.  Likewise I'd argue that it
doesn't matter if the cab is properly licensed, or if the driver has a
hack permit.  Fact is that there is a lot of gray area around the
edges of this industry, a lot of operators who don't have their
paperwork in order, and a lot of crime that has nothing to do with
robbery.

Again, many thanks are due to Karl Weiszhaar, Ender Wiggin and Norman
Beattie.  Thanks again as well to Australian driver Chris Manning for
searching French-language news sources, and for spotting typo and
duplication errors in the Memoriam list.

The newly added cases follow:

Pablo Vidal Montes
01/15/06  Los Angeles, California  USA

Denise Manning
01/11/06  Jacksonville, Florida  USA

Nelsena Jenkins
01/04/06  Summerville, South Carolina  USA

Dwight Watson
12/31/05  Baltimore, Maryland  USA


From Norman Beattie's search of The Oklahoman:

William H. Allen
01/01/60  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  USA

Charles Lee Belt
11/25/61  Baxter Springs, Kansas  USA

Larry Buckley
02/01/84  Tulsa, Oklahoma  USA

Walter J. Butkiewicz
01/01/82  Boston, Massachusetts  USA

Curtis Cox
03/19/60  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  USA

John Frank Dean
01/21/60  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  USA

Charles M. Dunkle
04/01/61  Leavenworth, Kansas  USA

Eddie Elmore
11/02/88  Tulsa, Oklahoma  USA

Josef Ertel
04/30/64  Munich, Germany

George Francis
07/01/83  Brunswick, Georgia  USA

Melvin Jernigan
07/09/85  Oklahoma City, Oklahoma  USA

Victor Harold Jones
02/02/62  Lawton, Texas  USA

Karl Koch
09/01/64  Bonn, Germany

Sander Lukacsi
12/01/86  Budapest, Hungary

John Lumpkin
03/01/58  Kansas City, Missouri  USA

Bernard Oliver
01/01/60  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  USA

Cullen E. Purvis
01/01/59  Augusta, Georgia  USA

Edward Lee Russell
06/16/89  Tulsa, Oklahoma  USA

Winona Shimona
04/20/61  Mountain Home, Idaho  USA

Eugene Stephens
05/17/69  Oklahoma City, Oklahoma  USA

Karl Straubb
01/01/61  Mannheim, Germany

James Tricker Jr.
01/01/60  Muncie, Indiana  USA

Cecil Truitt
05/17/59  Tahlequah, Oklahoma  USA

John Womack
11/01/61  Chattanooga, Tennessee  USA


From Karl Weiszhaar's search of Spanish-language news media:

Celestino Munoz Tapia
01/14/06  Puente Alto, Chile

Salvador Lastra Gomez
01/10/06  Villa Alemana, Chile

Heriberto Jimenez Samaniego
01/07/06  Rio Hato, Panama

Franklin Johan Kenepe Guelvis
01/07/06  Catia, Venezuela

Jorge Peremba
01/03/06  Rosario, Argentina

Jose Luis Betancourt
12/31/05  Cumana, Venezuela

Roberto Mauricio Paulucci
03/19/04  Rosario, Argentina



January 3, 2006

2005 Memoriam Summary

Driver homicides continued to plague the taxi industry in 2005.

Searches of Internet news sources conducted by Taxi-List subscribers
turned up reports on 157 new driver murders worldwide.  109 of those
are identified by name on the Taxi-L Memoriam page at
http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm.  The rest, whose names were not
reported in the press, are accounted for as best as possible in the
"Additional homicides" section found at the bottom of the Memoriam
page.

An additional 38-70 driver homicides were committed by two serial
killers who were arrested during 2005, one in India and the other in
Afghanistan.  It was not possible to determine from press reports when
the dozens of murders occurred, so they are not included in the total
for 2005.

In the US, taxi driver homicides decreased compared to recent years.
Twenty-seven murders were noted including two jitney drivers, and
including four drivers whose names were not reported in the press.

Unofficial US totals from 2000-2005 are as follows:

2005......27
2004......38
2003......45
2002......33
2001......34
2000......48

Phoenix, Arizona again warrants special attention as a city with far
more than its share of taxicab driver homicides.  The murder in
December brings to 12 the total slain in the years 2000-2005.  It is
an absolutely terrible track record for a city of that size.

Big US cities that have mandated safety equipment continue to
experience few or no driver homicides compared to previous years.
There was one driver murder in New York City last year and one in
Chicago, both of which crimes occurred when the driver was outside the
cab.


Four drivers were murdered in Canada during 2005.  Unofficial
totals for recent years are as follows:

2005.....4
2004.....4
2003.....2
2002.....1
2001.....4
2000.....2


No new taxi driver murders were reported in Australia, though a driver
in Bendigo, Victoria died in his cab after a fight with a passenger.
That death was determined not to be a homicide.  The totals for
Australia in recent years follows:

2005.....0
2004.....1
2003.....0
2002.....2
2001.....0
2000.....3


Three driver homicides were reported for England during 2005, and one
in Ireland.

Five murders were reported from continental Europe, though the chances
are good that others escaped detection due to reporting in languages
other than English.  One each occurred in France, Spain, Greece and
Hungary.  The other was in Russia where the owner of MosCab was
murdered.

Latin American and Caribbean news reports revealed 80 new homicides
during 2005, but that number is certainly an undercount, and may
represent a small fraction of the real total.  Karl Weiszhaar still
has 1300+ Latin American news items in his Inbox from 2005, and many
of them are sure to be homicide reports.  The breakdown so far is as
follows:

Colombia.....20
Jamaica.....11
Venezuela.....8
Mexico.....8
Bolivia.....6
Honduras.....5
Trinidad and Tobago.....4
Nicaragua.....4
Guatemala.....2
El Salvador.....2
Peru.....2
Guyana.....1
Ecuador.....1
Uruguay.....1
Panama.....1
Paraguay.....1
Puerto Rico.....1
Chile.....1
Belize.....1

The total number of drivers identified by name on the Memoriam list
grew from 1091 to 1305 during the last year.  Murders from previous
years, sometimes decades ago, continue coming to light as searchable
news archives come online, and as reports appear concerning legal
appeals by criminals previously convicted of cab driver murders.



January 3, 2006

Many thanks to drivers Chris Manning, Karl Weiszhaar and Ender Wiggin
for sending information on homicides reported in the worldwide press.

Chris' translations from the French-language media provide an eye on
regions of the world largely overlooked by the English-language press,
including parts of Africa and the South Pacific.

Karl's mining of data from Spanish-language news sources continues to
reveal the extent of Latin America's unaddressed problem with taxi
homicides.

Thanks also to Lisa Mills for information about her relative Elwin
Foster who was killed while driving a taxi in Windsor, Ontario during
1951.  Norman Beattie is trying to find more information on this case.

And thank you to both Susan Bowers and Norman Beattie for articles on
the Christmas Day murder of Kenneth Purcell in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.

The slain drivers newly identified by name are:

Wenceslao Munoz Cardozo  12/28/05
Puerto Ordaz, Venezuela

Kenneth James Purcell  12/25/05
Dartmouth, Nova Scotia  Canada

Gurpartap Singh  12/25/05
Richmond, California  USA

Wayne Duncan  12/24/05
Kingston, Jamaica

Abimbola K. Ogunniyi  12/22/05
Evergreen Park, Illinois  USA

Nzubamunu Mitete  12/20/05
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania  USA

William Wright  12/19/05
Winston-Salem, North Carolina  USA

Epeli Baleitamani Lesi  12/16/05
Nabua, Suva  Fiji

Eduardo Robledo  12/12/05
Bilbao, Spain

Ricardo Ramsarran  12/11/05
Stabroek, Guyana

Jose Guillermo Valdez Crespo  12/05/05
Guayacanes, Ecuador

Mamadou Moutady Barry  12/05/05
N'Zerekore, Guinea

Vilhoukho Akhole Phira  12/04/05
Bishnupur, India

Denny Jose Gonzalez  11/23/05
El Tigre, Venezuela

Marcellus Thomas Maddox  02/14/04
Salisbury, Maryland  USA

Irene Bennett  05/01/93
Jacksonville, North Carolina  USA

Elwin Arlington Foster  01/03/51
Windsor, Ontario  Canada


There were three additional drivers killed whose names were not
reported in the press.  They are:

- a cab driver slain December 21, 2005 in Phoenix, Arizona.  His death
brings the total in that city to twelve in the six years 2000-2005.

- a motorbike taxi driver murdered along with two passengers in Goma,
Democratic Republic of Congo in December 2005

- an unlicensed taxicab driver slain on December 20, 2005 in North
Baltimore, Maryland


Lastly, yet another South African minibus-taxi driver has been slain.
Koos Selepe was murdered at Harrismith, Free State on December 4,
2005.



December 5, 2005

This update of the Taxi-L Memoriam list adds the names of 10 murdered
drivers.

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar and Ender Wiggin for sharing the results
of their extensive web searches.  Thanks also to the friend of Larry
Jackson for sending info on that previously overlooked murder.

See the updated Memoriam list at: http://www.Taxi-L.org

The newly identified cases are:

- Mellissa Ivy Chaboyer, 11/26/05 in Thompson, Manitoba Canada
- Rashidi Wasli, 11/20/05 in Tawau, Sabah  Malaysia
- Silvino Rodriguez Penalosa, 11/11/05  in Coyuca de Ben¡tez, Mexico
- Richard Allen Cullum, 11/10/05 in Midland, Texas USA
- Abdul Rauf Yaarmohammed Sheikh, 11/07/05 in Mumbai, India
- Jake King, 11/03/05 in Albany, Georgia USA
- Carlos Eduardo Torrealba Sifontes, 10/28/05  in El Tigre, Venezuela
- Marshall McCoy, 10/25/05 in Clarendon, Jamaica
- Luis Fernando Cabrera, 09/26/04 in Cochabamba, Bolivia
- Larry Jackson, 01/01/90 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma  USA

The precise date of Larry Jackson's murder is unknown, but was
sometime in the late eighties or early nineties.  January 1, 1990 is
used here as an approximation.

The name of Torben Knudsen (Copenhagen) 3/27/05 was removed from the
Memoriam list because a recent follow-up news item makes it clear that
the killing was not work-related.

There is still not enough info on the murder of driver Carl Schirmer
in Brockton, Mass. to determine if the crime was work-related or not.
The reporter who wrote a news article says without explanation that it
was not work-related.  One is reluctant to accept that assessment
since it was apparently a case of a cab driver murdered while he was
driving a taxicab.  It is easy for authorities and others to dismiss a
driver murder by saying that he or she was off-duty, but where does
one draw the line between on-duty and off-duty?  One could say that
it's only when there is a paying passenger in the cab, or when a
driver is logged onto a dispatch system, which imho is too
restrictive.  The question is especially problematic when drivers have
24-hour use of a cab and can pick up a fare from the street at any
time regardless of whether they are officially on-duty or off-duty.

I'd say that anytime there is a cab with a cab driver, then there is a
presumption that a crime against the driver is work-related unless
demonstrated otherwise.  A suspect has been arrested in Mr. Schirmer's
murder so there will likely be clarifying information when the case
goes to trial.

Lastly, one would like to note the passing of Tucson (Arizona, USA)
driver Dawud Isa Abusida, whose death was accidental and thus beyond
the scope of the Memoriam listings.  On August 10, 2005 Mr. Abusida
came to the aid of a deputy sheriff who was trying to arrest a
mentally ill drug user.  All three men died when they fell into the
path of oncoming traffic.  An Arizona law enforcement fraternal group
awarded a $10,000 honorarium to the driver's family, the first time it
has ever so honored a civilian.  Mr. Abusida was also posthumously
awarded the Sheriff's Citizen Medal by the Pima County Sheriff's
Department.



November 9, 2005

Many thanks to those who contributed information for this update of
the Taxi-L Memoriam list of murdered cab drivers.  They include:

- Karl Weiszhaar and Ender Wiggin who searched news sources on the
Internet in both English and Spanish

- Daniel Olev who sent news of minicab driver Mohammed Ashraf's murder
in London

- Jim Roberts who sent information on the murder of his father in 1978


Nineteen of the newly added names reflect murders during 2005:

Teofilo Reque Villarroel 10/23/05 Cochabamba, Bolivia
Mohammed Ashraf 10/22/05 London, England
Andres Bohada 10/15/05 Arauca, Colombia
Mario Figueroa 10/15/05 Aguadulce, Panama
Rafael Alberto Murillo Izazaga 10/15/05 Tacambaro, Michoacan Mexico
Elmer Mauricio Fuentes 10/15/05 Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Clifford Saxon 10/10/05 Cascade, Trinidad and Tobago
Mario Leonel Lemus Arias 10/07/05 Santa Ana, Guatemala
Yasser Barakeh 10/02/05 Gaza, Palestine
Ricardo Armenta Lara 09/17/05  Jiutepec, Mexico
Silvia Ramon Valdez 09/14/05  Tobasco, Mexico
Jonatan Hobed Orozco Castanon 09/10/05 Guatemala City, Guatemala
Roberto Alfredo Benitez 09/10/05  San Salvador, El Salvador
Danny Ortiz Jeremias 09/08/05 Carolina, Puerto Rico
Pastor Tola Quenta 09/05/05 Cochabamba, Bolivia
Julio Galarce Candia 08/24/05 Calama, Chile
Marvin Manuel Cruz Rivas 07/15/05 Managua, Nicaragua
Jose Manzano Cisneros 06/20/05 Moquequa, Peru
Juan Angel Urbina Conde 04/08/05  Managua, Nicaragua


Five newly added cases are from previous years, including two Nebraska
drivers whose names surfaced in discussions of a Supreme Court
decision on the killer's unsuccessful appeal.

Luis Sambo Espinoza 06/20/04 Cochabamba, Bolivia
Francisco Martin 03/01/98 Puerto Real, Spain
Reuel Van Ness Jr. 1979 Nebraska
Maynard Helgeland 1979 Nebraska
Edward Joseph Roberts Sr. 02/14/78 Daytona Beach, Florida


Numerous other taxicab driver murders occurred, but the drivers' names
are not available.  They include four slain during a 15-day period
last month in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, in addition to a fifth murdered
driver who was identified by name. Another article reviewed by Karl
states that forty taxi drivers have been killed so far this year in
Ecuador. Ominously, Karl's scan of his huge Spanish-language Inbox
suggests that there may be hundreds more Latin American taxi homicides
than the many whose names already appear on the Memoriam list for this
year.


This update incorporates a clean-up which removes seven duplicates
from the Memoriam list. Such errors are not so easy to spot because
the list includes many similar names. There are, for instance, 13
different drivers with the surname Singh, and seven with the surname
Khan. There are nine Johnsons, including four with similar first
names. The list also includes two different drivers named James Reed,
and two named Amadou Diallo.

The total identified by name now stands at 1279.



October 5, 2005

This update of the Taxi-L Memoriam list brings the total identified by
name to 1262 as of October 5, 2005.

The Photo Essay section of the Memoriam list now includes a picture of
drivers Johnny and Edgar Infante, both of whom were murdered on the
same night in Newark, New Jersey last month.  Between them, the
brothers had ten children. See www.Taxi-L.org/poster.htm

Recent additions

Ender Wiggin's news harvests included a report of a driver slain in
Tatabanya, Hungary on September 20, 2005, name not reported.  Also
among the news items, a Detroit taxicab driver was shot to death while
driving his cab on September 19, 2005, again name not reported.  Since
the drivers' names are unknown, these two are recorded in the
"additional homicides" section.

Ender also shared news items on the murders of four more drivers:

- Mukesh was slain 9/21/05 in Madion, Uttar Pradesh (India).

- Bhola Gunness was murdered 9/23/05 near Maracas Bay, Trinidad and
Tobago.

- Edip Aydn Gul was killed by police along with a passenger when he
reportedly failed to stop as directed on 9/28/05 in Diyarbakir,
Turkey.

- Mohammed Shaheen, owner of a private hire firm, was killed at a cab
stand 9/23/05 in Manchester, England.  The news item from Ender
describes Mr. Shaheen as a "cabbie" so presumably he was a driving
owner, and accordingly his death is listed as a driver homicide.


Many thanks to Australian driver Chris Manning for finding and
translating French-language news items reporting the deaths of two
drivers.

- Stephane Abassi was murdered in his taxi on 6/11/05 in Rennes,
France.

- Mohamed Soilih was killed by police on 9/24/05 in Moroni, capital of
the Comoros Islands in the Indian Ocean.  Mr. Soilih was among many
taxi drivers participating in a strike over escalating petrol prices.


An ongoing debt of gratitude is owed to Karl Weiszhaar who continues
to turn up cases of taxi driver homicide in the Latin American press.
The news items from Latin America make for difficult reading at best,
but Karl not only plows through them, he also prepares summary
translations for me.  Again, Karl, many thanks.

Two drivers were killed the same day in a Mexican city:

- Raul Correa Cervantes 09/12/05 Morelia, Michoacan  Mexico
- Gerardo Eufemio Sosa Alvarez 09/12/05 Morelia, Michoacan  Mexico

And two drivers were killed within a few days of each other in a
Venezuelan city:

- Luis Jose Amundarain 09/26/05 Cuidad Bolivar, Venezuela
- Frank Carmona 09/30/05 Cuidad Bolivar, Venezuela

Orlando José Ruiz Rausseo, apparently a mototaxi driver, was killed
last month in Caracas, Venezuela when a dispute broke out at a cab
stand.  He was among ten people who were shot in the incident.

Five more from Latin America:

- Guillermo Barrios Bogado 09/22/05 Asuncion, Paraguay
- Saul Romero Gordillo 09/20/05 Magdalena de Cao, Peru
- Angel Arnoldo Morales Cruz 08/21/05 (probably Managua) in Nicaragua
- Adalberto Lagunes Amador 07/02/05  Veracruz, Mexico
- Alfonso Vargas Garcia 09/30/05 Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua  Mexico


Historical Additions

Many thanks to the family of Charles Eugene Shields for providing a
photograph, which is now included with the "Photo Essay" part of the
Memoriam page.  Mr. Shields, previously noted on the Memoriam list,
was murdered in North Carolina during 2004.  The three assailants are
now in prison, two of them serving life sentences. 

During a recent search of Internet news sources, Karl Weiszhaar found
reference to a taxicab driver, name not reported, who was killed
during a confrontation between students and police during September
1967 in San Juan, Puerto Rico.  Since there is no name, the murder is
counted in the "additional homicides" section rather than in the main
Memoriam list.

Another reference to a historical case was found by Karl.  Driver
Canete Vega was murdered in December 1998.  The location within
Argentina is not specified, but there is enough information to add his
name to the main list

Lastly, Karl has identified a previously unrecorded homicide in
Grenada, Mississippi.  Taxicab driver David Norwood, Jr. was slain
July 12, 1992.



September 17, 2005

Five new murders and seven historic cases are added with this update
of the Taxi-L Memoriam list at www.Taxi-L.org which now lists 1244 names.

Five of the recent crimes are identified by name in news items
harvested and shared by Ender Wiggin.  They are:

- brothers Johnny and Edgar Infante, livery drivers in Newark, NJ were
slain while one drove and the other "rode shotgun" on 9/16/05.

- Abdul Karim drugged and strangled in Nawabpur Bazar, Bangladesh
on 9/14/05; two of the assailants were beaten to death by locals.

- Li Wenfa (Wenfa Li) slain 9/11/05 in Beijing, China by an assailant
who then stole the taxi and ran over nine pedestrians.

- Morteza Khorassani murdered in Toronto on 9/6/05.

Thanks also to Australian driver Chris Manning for translating and
forwarding a French-language news item on the 9/4/05 murder of a
driver in the Malagasy Republic, name not reported.


One of the newly recognized historic cases of taxicab driver murder
was found by Karl Weiszhaar at the Delaware Online website regarding
the 1919 murder of driver Howard Lacey.

And thank you again to Norman Beattie of Winnipeg, who recently
conducted a search of the Toronto Star newspaper archives which
yielded more than 500 articles dating from 1910 to 1989.  (For Norm to
review 500+ articles was a LOT of work...many thanks!)  Among the
previously unidentified taxi homicides were:

- C.F. Baun, Independence, OR Sept. 1, 1925
- Ludwig Rose, Cicero IL July 12, 1926
- Gerald Hernando, New York NY Nov. 20, 1929
- Ernest Hoffman, Chicago, IL July 3, 1929
- A driver killed in Harlan, Kentucky, probably during early 1942,
name not reported.
- A taxi driver slain in Philadelphia, PA during January 1948, name
not reported.


Lastly, a friend of driver Mark Stultz (who was murdered in
Pittsburgh, PA 6/5/03) wrote with followup info regarding the crime.
It turns out that the slain driver's body was placed into the taxi by
the killer in an effort to make it appear to be a taxi-related robbery
and murder.  "Evidence presented at trial, including the confession by
the killer, revealed that Mark's death was not related to his work as
a taxi driver."  Accordingly, Mr. Stultz's name will no longer be
listed on the Memoriam list as a taxi homicide.



August 29, 2005

This update brings to 1234 the total of known taxi driver homicides in
which the driver has been identified by name.  See www.Taxi-L.org for
the full list.

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar who in the last couple of weeks sent
information on eight taxi driver homicides.

- Everett Hamby Jr. 12/31/80  Salt Lake City, Utah  USA
- Frank Singleton 04/27/98  Port Arthur, Texas  USA
- Luis Banda Medina 01/22/03  Saltillo, Coahuila  Mexico
- Moises Espinoza 07/23/05  Managua,  Nicaragua
- Satbir 08/20/05  Chaisa Thana, Kerala  India
- Nikolas Kirianthopoulos 08/22/05  Kalavryta,  Greece
- Mario Obanos 08/23/05  Liloan,  Philippines
- Heros Previlon 08/25/05  Brighton, Massachusetts  USA

Karl also found a news item in the Spanish-language publication La
Pais stating that there have been 17 taxi driver murders in the city
of Cali, Columbia during the first half of 2005.  Names are not known,
so those crimes are recorded in the Endnotes section of the Memoriam
page.

Thank you, and heartfelt condolences, to Jonathan Clarkson for sending
news about the murder August 18 of his younger brother Gregory in
Casper, Wyoming.

And thanks again to Norman Beattie of Winnipeg who has identified six
more Canadian taxi driver homicides in the period 1917-1968.

- Carman (Tony Ross) Leapello 07/20/17 Toronto, Ontario
- Harry Strom 10/25/21 Toronto, Ontario
- Fred Genesee 10/27/24 Hamilton, Ontario
- Robert Berglund 11/26/29 Ft. Williams, Ontario
- Rene Lapointe 05/19/65 Montreal, Quebec
- Larry Botrie 10/26/68 Toronto, Ontario

Norman has also indicated that a previously listed driver murder
should be removed from the Memoriam list due to further information
that he has discovered.  Taxi driver Keith Hunter (1950) was slain at
a taxi company office, but the crime was unrelated to his work.

Special thanks to Jim Szekely and best wishes for his retirement.  Jim
provided most of the documentation on the first couple of hundred
cases that led to the creation of the Memoriam list.



August 10, 2005

Reports of seven taxi driver murders have appeared since the last
Memoriam update on July 24.  Three of the newly identified cases are
historical, while four happened during July and August of this year.

See the full Memoriam list at www.Taxi-L.org

Ender Wiggin provided news reports on the deaths of four drivers.

- Modou Diop was killed while refueling his livery in the Bronx area
of New York City on August 5.

- Driver Gulzar Ahmad Sheikh died outside his home on July 5 in
Kashmir, apparently another victim of the region's political violence
which claimed at least two taxi drivers' lives in 2004.

- In Oklahoma (USA), Muskogee driver Robert Lawson died four days
after an assault on July 31.

- And an arrest was made in the murder of an unidentified driver slain
during December 2003 in Baja, Mexico.

Thanks to Australian driver Chris Manning for providing a translated
version of a French-language article on the death of taxi driver Ayman
Mohamed Hassan in the July bomb attack at Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt.

Thanks also to drivers Michael Powell and "Taxirob" of Queensland
Australia for sharing recollections on the assault and murder of
Brisbane driver Gina Davis in 1982.  (Since the precise date in 1982
is not known, the killing appears on the Memoriam list as if it
occurred on January 1 of that year.)

And thanks to Denver driver Karl Weiszhaar for sending an article on
the 1924 murder of McAlester Oklahoma driver Frank Daniels.

Sometimes as I compile this seemingly endless list of tragedies, it
all kind of blurs into a vague haze and I wonder if there is really
any point to it.  But then sometimes I get reminders of just how
meaningful and personal each of the deaths is to the drivers' loved
ones.

An email last week from the daughter of a slain driver (she was just
11 at the time) is similar to several that have arrived over the
years.  She was searching the web for any reference to her father and
found the Taxi-L Memoriam page.  Somehow, that simple list has a big
effect on family members who often feel that the memory of their loved
one was utterly wiped from the face of the earth when the killer
committed the crime.

She was moved to send a family picture of her Dad for inclusion on the
photo section of the Memoriam list, and has now approached the Police
Department about taking a second look at the case.  I'll hold off on
details until something actually emerges, but it looks like the
long-closed investigation is going to be reopened with a special eye
to DNA evidence that was not much use at the time of the killing.
Keep your fingers crossed because a break in this case could lead to
solving other driver murders as well.

Again, thanks to all who have taken the trouble to search out
information on taxi driver murders over the years.  I think it is very
appropriate that it is mainly drivers ourselves who are finding this
information, which in turn provides comfort to family members who come
across it on the web, often many years later.

Be careful, use (or demand) safety equipment, and try to keep your own
name off this awful list.



July 24, 2005

Fourteen names are added to the Taxi-L Memoriam list of slain drivers,
bringing the total identified to 1214 as of July 24, 2005.  Two more
driver homicides, names not reported, are noted in the Endnotes
section of the list.  Many thanks to those who forwarded information.

Jamie Clinton provided information on the murder of his father Larry
Allen Elliott, slain January 20, 1983 in Council Bluffs, Iowa.

Karl Weiszhaar provided news items regarding the murders of eleven
drivers:

- Timothy Deger 07/19/05 Cincinnati, Ohio USA
- an unidentified driver, 07/05/05 Ayodhya, India
- Sunil 07/03/05  Jhajjar, India
- Noel Ernesto Lugo 06/28/05  Clarines, Venezuela
- Gonkris Ramon Millan 06/25/05  Petare, Venezuela
- Javier Carmona Vergara 06/25/05  Cartago, Colombia
- Wilson Cardona 06/25/05  Cartego, Colombia
- Cassius Allum 08/02/03  Belmont, Trinidad and Tobago
- Mark Stultz 06/05/03  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania USA
- an unidentified driver, 1997 in Hungary
- Jean Boiteux 03/08/89 Stamford, Connecticut USA

Steven Crowell provided information on four previously unidentified
driver murders in New Orleans during 1994 and 1997:

- Aloysious Korieocha 05/04/97  New Orleans, Louisiana
- Fred Walch 12/03/94  New Orleans, Louisiana
- Charles Alford 04/17/94  New Orleans, Louisiana
- Harrel Clark 04/01/94  New Orleans, Louisiana

For the full list of 1214 names, see the Taxi-L Memoriam page at
www.Taxi-L.org



July 2, 2005

This update of the Taxi-L Memoriam list brings the total identified by
name to 1200.

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar, Ender Wiggins and Norman Beattie for
information used in this update.  Additional information came from the
daughter of a driver slain in Oakland, California during 1978.

The recently added cases are:

- Cagny Wynn, operating as an unlicenced taxi driver, was murdered
June 28, 2005 in Arima in Trinidad and Tobago.

- Taxi driver Chin Foo Wong was slain June 27, 2005 in Paduraya,
Malaysia.

- Donovan Peynado was killed when his cab crashed and burned after
being fired into by assailants apparently trying to kill one of his
passengers in or near Kingston, Jamaica on June 21, 2005.

- Rufus Raphael was ambushed and killed while dropping passengers on
June 19, 2005 at Carenage in Trinidad and Tobago.

- Driver Roderick Todd was murdered on June 15, 2005 in or near Belize
City, Belize.

- A driver, name not reported, was slain in Shanghai, China during May
2005.

- David Bacchas, a taxi driver in Flankers, St. James (Jamaica) was
killed by police in October 2003, apparently by accident.

- Malik Muhammad Akram Tahir was killed during October 1997 in Saudi
Arabia; one of his killers was recently freed when his family paid a
large sum in "blood money" to the murdered driver's family.

- Loreto Gelbero was murdered November 18, 1994 in Davao City,
Philippines according to an article on a legal appeal by his killer.

- Kenneth Chambers was killed sometime during 1980 in Indianapolis,
Indiana according to a brief mention in a recent article on other
crimes.

- Gene Allen Jorgensen was shot and killed June 23, 1978 in Oakland,
California, one of about a half-dozen drivers reportedly slain in that
city by a serial killer in the late 70s.

- Taxi driver George Aird was murdered October 10, 1974 in Box Canyon
(Ventura County) California according to a history of the American
Indian Movement.

- Ismael Diaz, a well-known soccer player was killed driving his cab
sometime during 1976 in El Salvador.

- Johnnie Kornegay was killed December 29, 1964 in Tallahassee,
Florida according to the Leon County (FL) Sheriff's Department
Unsolved Crimes page on the web.

- George Heath, an unlicenced taxi driver plying for hire in London,
England was slain in October 1944 by a deserter from the US Army who
was later executed for the crime.



June 8, 2005

This update of the Taxi-L Memoriam list of slain taxicab drivers adds 8
names, and makes note of dozens of others for which names were not reported
in the press.  See: http://www.Taxi-L.org

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar and Ender Wiggin for sharing the fruits of
their news harvests.

Thanks also to the sister of slain driver George Griffin (1986 in Tampa) for
sending a family photo which has been added to the Photo Essay section of
the Memoriam page.

The 8 newly identified slain drivers are:

Craig R. Van Horn, 06/02/05 in Utica, New York  USA
Vernald Griffiths, 05/25/05 in Spanish Town, Jamaica
Mohammad Ayub, 05/11/05 in Hangu, Pakistan
Manohar, 11/26/03 in Aligarh, India
Dilawar, 12/01/02 in Bagram, Afghanistan
Hernan Urrutia Chavez, 06/01/01 in Valdivia, Chile
Alfred Cucciardi, 02/12/88 in Ta' Xbiex, Malta
Alfred Darmanin, 02/18/88 in Valleta, Malta

The last two drivers, in Malta, were killed by the same assailants.

An additional six drivers, names not reported, have been murdered in Spanish
Town, Jamaica since the beginning of this year, according to a report about
a driver protest following the killing of Vernald Griffiths.

A recent arrest in Aligarh, India has brought to light the serial killings
of at least 19 drivers and possibly as many as 50 over the past few years.
Only one was identified by name in the news items that have appeared so far.

Lastly, two additional deaths are noted in the Endnotes section due to lack
of names reported in the news items. They are a driver slain in 1997 by a
13-year old girl in Harlem (NYC) and a jitney driver murdered June 1, 2005
by a passenger in Biscayne Gardens, Florida.



May 10, 2005

In addition to the newly identified Chicago homicides from 1887-1930,
four more cases have been identified.  Special thanks to Karl
Weiszhaar for sending information on the Brown and McCullough murders.

The four are:

- An Iranian driver, name not reported, who was killed trying to
prevent his cab from being stolen.  Date uncertain, but the assailant
was hanged in Ahwaz, Iran on May 2 of this year.  (Since the name is
unknown, this case appears in the Endnotes section of the Memoriam
list.)

- Taxicab driver Leopoldo Rubie was murdered in Makati City,
Philippines on May 7, 2005.

- Greenville, SC taxi driver Thomas W. Brown was murdered on February
16, 1947.  The case is notorious for the lynching of the alleged
assailant (Willie Earle) carried out by a mob made up mostly of cab
drivers.  From a 2003 article on the events of 1947: "Friends
described [Brown] as a slight man who shunned alcohol and tobacco,
possessed of a life-view that would have sought to dissuade his
colleagues from their act of vengeance."  He is buried in a cemetery
near the site where Earle died at the hands of the mob.

- Isley McCullough, a driver and company owner, disappeared and was
presumably slain in 1973.  There is an active cold case investigation
underway in Gadsden County, Florida.  An abundance of evidence may
yield clues when subjected to new forensic methods.

There is a suspicion that Mr. McCullough may have run afoul of local
moonshiners for whom he reportedly transported sugar on a regular
basis.  Assuming that suspicion is correct, a question arises: was the
death really related to his work as a taxicab driver?

On the theory that illegal activities are in fact a part of the
real-world work of cab drivers in many places (e.g. the many
references to "drug run" customers by drivers on Taxi-List), then it
makes sense to regard the murder as work-related.  It may not be the
work we would like drivers to do, but it is the work that they
actually do, given the circumstances of their work.


Lastly, as often happens, there was a recent news report about a
driver critically injured in an assault, but no follow-up news story.
The unidentified livery driver was shot in Yonkers, NY on April 30,
2005.



May 10, 2005

Again, many thanks to Winnipeg researcher and former taxicab driver
Norman Beattie for sharing the results of his searches.  He found
numerous references to cab driver murders in Chicago databases.  Some
of the databases have apparently come online only in the last couple
of months.

Norman refers specifically to the following data sources, which may
contain additional information on the murders:

http://homicide.northwestern.edu/database/

http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/databases.html

This update includes the first addition to the Memoriam list of a
pre-automobile era cab driver, James Hussey who was shot in 1887.

Brief sketches of what happened in the cases follows below.  Norman
says that "many of the 1920's fatalities seem to have resulted from
the infamous Yellow-Checker taxicab war."  One of those slain was an
executive of Checker Cab.  As with the murders of other managers, his
death is noted in the Endnotes section of the Memoriam list.  A few of
the deaths among the following were not added because they were due to
auto wrecks, which is beyond the scope of the Memoriam list.

=====

November 8, 1887
Hussey, James, hack driver, fatally shot, Forquer and Jefferson Sts.,
by Pat Hogan who was arrested. Hussey died in Co. Hosp. on same day.
Both men were tough characters. W. 12th St. Station.
Case number: 882

May 12, 1921
Breakstone, Nathaniel - Age 24 - Found fatally shot 5/11/21 alongside
of his cab in front of 2455 Rise St. Assailant and motive unknown.
24 Pct.
Case number: 5687

August 7, 1921
Tilly, Raymond - Age 28 - Fatally injured 8/7/21 at Sheridan Rd. and
Ainslie St., when Yellow cab, which he was driving, was struck by
another auto driven by one Patrick or John McCabe, whose arrest was
recommended by the Coroner 8/11/21. 33 Pct.
Case number: 7179

February 7, 1923
Schlessinger, Joseph - Age 26 - Shot to death in his taxicab at 50th
St. and Racine Ave., by holdups. On 2/8/23 John W. Meisner was held by
the Coroner. On the same day James C. Hunter and Harold C. Splitt were
arrested and on 2/13/23 indicted by the Grand Jury. 12th Dist. 6/8/23
Hunter - Life in Joliet Pen. - P.L. Sullivan. 6/8/23 Meisner Sentenced
to hang Oct. 19, 1923. - P.L. Sullivan. 2/7/23 Splitt - 15 yrs. Joliet
Pen. - P.L. Sullivan. On 2/23/24 Hunter and Meisner sentences were
reversed by the Supreme Court. 3/11/24 Hunter Nolle Prossed - Kersten.
9/11/25 - Meisner to Joliet for life - Wells.
Case number: 7072

March 11, 1923
Henning, Walter - Age 30 - Shot to death in front of 334 So.
Winchester Ave. during a duel between four police officers and three
rowdies whom he had just brought to that address in his cab. Coroner's
verdict was "Accidental shooting." 20 Dist.
Case number: 6198

January 1, 1924
Wensberg, Milton - Age 27 - Fatally injured 12/31/23 at the southwest
corner of Harrison and Desplaines Sts., while driving his Yellow Cab
which was struck by a stolen Ford auto, the driver of which escaped.
16 Dist.
Case number: 7378

March 21, 1924
Rose, John H. - Age 35 - Supt., Checker Cab Co. - Shot to death at
north end of 11th floor corridor of the County Building, just after
coming out of Judge Wells' Court where he appeared as a defendant in
the murder of Frank Sexton on 6/6/23. He was shot by Patrick Sexton,
father of Frank, after he had obtained the eleventh continuance of his
case. On 4/22/24 Sexton was held by the Coroner for Manslaughter. 1st
Dist. 2/10/25 - Acquitted - Brothers.
Case number: 6946

February 8, 1925
Garshag, Phillip - Age 18 - Fatally shot at 12:15 AM, while driving
his taxi past an alley off the southeast corner of Francisco Ave. and
Taylor St., by some unknown person. The motive is likewise unknown.
17 Dist.
Case number: 8041

April 23, 1925
Harris, Robt. L. - Age 30 - Colored - Fatally shot at 3:30 AM in front
of 3449 Federal St., while in his cab by Lucille Robinson, who was
drunk and intended to shoot his fare. On 4/29/25 Lucille was held by
the Coroner. 2A Dist. 7/9/25 - Acquitted - Scanlan.
Case number: 8161

November 14, 1925
Richards, Andrew - Age 26 - Fatally shot 4:15 AM, 11/14/25, in front
of 3304 Vernon Ave., by Patrolman Wm. O'Donnell, of D.B. Ford Squad,
who, on the same date, was exonerated by the Coroner. The squad came
upon Richards, a Yellow Cab chauffeur being held up by a Negro Alfred
Wordlow, and O'Donnell covered Wordlow with his gun. Wordlow struck at
the gun, which was discharged, the bullet striking Richardson. The
Coroner's Jury declared it "accidental." On 11/17/25 Wordlow was held
to the Grand Jury for murder in bonds of $100,000 by Judge Lyle. Nov.
1925 No Bill on Wordlow.
Case number: 8873

November 21, 1925
Nipper, Louis - Age 23 - Found shot to death at 8:50 PM, at the wheel
of his Yellow Cab in front of 940 W. Austin Ave. It appears he
resisted robbery, having a jack handle in one hand and a taxi fare
ticket in the other when found. 22 Dist.
Case number: 8699

September 19, 1926
Turro, Mike - Age 34 - Killed at Harrison and Jefferson Sts., while
driving a Yellow Cab which was rammed by an auto driven by Kenneth
Turner, who, with Stanley Serwatka, had stolen the machine. On 10/6/26
both were held by the Coroner for manslaughter. 19th Dist. 7/16/27 -
both s/o - Hopkins.
Case number: 9163

September 20, 1926
Dinsmore, John - Age 39 - Died from a gunshot wound received last
March the sixth, at 12:50 AM, while in his cab and following another
cab which he thought acted suspiciously. At 54th and Union Ave., the
occupants of leading cab fired at him. On 10/13/26 the Coroner
recommended the arrest of Thomas Shields for manslaughter and Roy
Barnes as accessory, 12th Dist. 11/11/26 Barnes arrested and held.
Nov. 1926 No Bill on Barnes.
Case number: 7927

August 12, 1928
Larue, Sam - Stabbed to death at about 2 AM, evidently while driving
his (your) taxicab, of which he lost control, causing same to run over
sidewalk, thru a fence, and crash into the side of a building at 3804
Wentworth Ave. On 10/1/28 the Coroner recommended the arrest of the
unknown murderer and exonerated Yancy Robinson and Dave Robinson with
whom shortly before he had had a quarrel over payment of fare. These
men were not booked. 4 Dist.
Case number: 10427

September 22, 1928
Theviege, Eugene - Age 35 - Checker Cab - Fatally shot at 12:20 AM,
9/22/28, at the N.W. corner of 68th St. and Cottage Grove Ave., by two
Yellow Cab chauffeurs when he parked near the Granada Café. One of the
drivers, Bernard Reister, was caputred while escaping from the scene.
Arrest of the other, Robert Moore, alias Murphy, was recommended by
the Coroner on 10/10/28. 7 Dist. Both men were indicted. 1/17/29 -
Mooney and Reister both acquitted by Judge Miller. (Jury).
Case number: 11164

July 3, 1929
Hoffman, Ernest - Age 57 - Found dead at 5 AM, 7/3/29 in front of 2501
Burling St., in his Checker Cab, which had crashed into a tree.
Hoffman had been shot in the back of the head with a 32 cal. automatic
pistol, the shell of which was found inside the car, evidently by
someone riding in the seat behind him. 37 Dist.
Case number: 10138

August 7, 1929
Hillard, James - Age 21 - Colored - Fatally injured 8/6/29 in front of
4616 So. State St., when the Yellow Cab which he was driving was
struck by another machine driven by James Hudson. On 8/7/29 Hudson was
held by the Coroner. 5 Dist. 11/22/29 - Acquitted - Lewis.
Case number: 10144

January 30, 1930
Jackson, Glen - Age 32 - Shot to death at 3:15 AM, 1/30/30, while
driving his Checker Cab south in Ridge Blvd., at Farwell Ave. His
passenger, Barney Mitchell, newly re-elected treatsurer of the Checker
Cab Co., was also shot to death. Mitchell was being driven home after
leaving 1623 Lunt Ave., the home of Robt. McLaughlin, president of the
Checker Cab Co. They were fired upon with shotguns by some unknown
persons who evidently had trailed them from the McLaughlin home.
41 Dist.
Case number: 10267

=========

Again, many thanks to Norman Beattie who provided all of this
information.



May 2, 2005

Many thanks, yet again, to Norman Beattie of Winnipeg for his amazing
work in identifying taxicab driver homicides from the past.

This time Norman reviewed Washington Post online archives looking for
a lead to the Florida/Tennessee case that was mentioned on Taxi-List
recently.  He didn't find anything relating to that current
investigation, but he did find news reports on 29 other previously
unidentified driver homicides.

Norman also found incomplete references to a possible 33 more taxi
driver murders.

The 29 cases with enough information to identify the slain driver are
listed below.  Note that in some, date information is incomplete.
They will print out on the Memoriam list as if they occurred on the
first of the month, or on Jan. 1 of the year.

Eventually I hope to make the Memoriam list entries link to narratives
about what happened in the cases, which often give vivid glimpses into
the world as seen by taxi drivers during years gone by.  Peeler
Clayton, for instance from the list below, was murdered outside a Ku
Klux Klan hall.  19 people, including prominent businessmen were
charged in the crime...outcome unknown.  In other cases, especially
during the 1920s, drivers ran afoul of bootlegging operations both in
the US and Canada.

Norman has also uncovered a lot of information regarding the aftermath
and the prosecution of assailants in these cases, which can be of
great interest to the families of slain drivers.  For instance, the
wife of William Harvey Jones (1928 below) was fired from her nursing
job a couple of days after the murder simply because the employer
didn't like that she had become a subject of publicity.

Again, a tip of the cap to Norman Beattie for all of this information.

    * 1919-06-11 Jones, Homer / MD Laurel
    * 1919-xx-xx Weldon, John T. / PA Philadelphia
    * 1921-02-09 Miller, Garfield / MD Hagerstown
    * 1921-08-21 Hamilton, William (Crip) / IO Centreville
    * 1921-12-15 Clayton, Peeler / TX Austin
    * 1923-02-07 Schlessinger, Joseph / IL Chicago
    * 1924-09-xx Stevens, Lester (Buck) / VA Quantico
    * 1924-11-xx Genesee, Fred. / ON Hamilton
    * 1924-12-14 Berryman, Hugh / MD Baltimore
    * 1925-07-xx Pennella, Louis / NY Hempstead
    * 1927-01-18 Wright, William J. / MD Baltimore
    * 1928-01-14 Jones, William Harvey / DC Washington
    * 1928-xx-xx Markus, Joseph / MA Worcester
    * 1930-02-12 Hood, Stanley W. / MI Detroit
    * 1931-07-29 Solomon, Mannie / NY Hempstead
    * 1933-03-07 Carl, Santo / NY New York
    * 1933-xx-xx Regan, Vincent / CO Colorado Springs
    * 1935-09-17 Atwell, Albert / MD Baltimore
    * 1936-07-28 Miller, Charles Lee / DC Washington
    * 1942-02-23 Steele, Conrad L. / DC Washington
    * 1945-05-10 Avent, Leon T. / DC Washington
    * 1948-02-xx Jones, Howard / DC Washington
    * 1950-05-27 Brown, Gordon C., Jr. / DC Washington
    * 1953-06-24 Applegate, Leroy E. / DC Washington
    * 1959-xx-xx Bowley, George E. / DC Washington
    * 1976-02-01 Woodbury, Joseph N. / MD Bethesda
    * 1978-06-30 Davis, Milton / DC Washington
    * 1979-01-19 Washington, Flora T. / DC Washington
    * 1979-01-20 McNeil, Robert Andrew / DC Washington



April 27, 2005

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar, Ender Wiggin and Norman Beattie for
sharing the results of their research and news gathering.

Newly added to the Memoriam list of taxi driver homicides at
www.taxi-l.org are:

Unice Christopher Sharp 04/26/05  Battle Creek, Michigan
Eit Tong Lin 04/24/05  Kuala Selangor, Malaysia
Shankar Lal 04/22/05  Ayalki, India
Sikandar Hayat 04/18/05  Shahdara Town, Pakistan
Rubert Fleurimon 12/14/88 Miami, Florida
Herman Hughley 02/01/83 Escambia County, Florida


The following were added to the Memoriam list's "Endnotes" section:

- Camden, NJ cab company owner Carlos Diaz was murdered during a
burglary of his home/office on November 17, 2003; one of his former
workers was among those charged in the crime.

- A Palestinian taxi driver, name not reported, killed by Israeli
soldiers following a hit-and-run fatality at a roadblock near Hebron.



April 20, 2005

Many thanks to Ender Wiggin, Karl Weiszhaar and Scandinavian driver
Christer Andersson for gathering and sending news items.

This update of the Taxi-L Memoriam list of murdered taxi drivers adds
13 names since the last notice on April 5.  As often happens, some of
the additions are murders that occurred years ago but that have been
in the press recently in connection with an assailant's trial.

Numerous additions have also been made to the "Endnotes" section at
the bottom of the Memoriam page, cases that for one reason or another
don't fit comfortably in the main list.  Typically that's due to some
missing information, such as the driver's name.

Beginning a couple of days ago, there is a new section to the Memoriam
page.  It appears as a fourth tag on the selection bar for sorting by
date, name or place.  The new tag opens a photo record utilizing
pictures of slain drivers harvested from news media.  The photos are
almost invariably family snapshots released to the press, or else
hack-license pictures that are in the public domain, so I don't
believe there are copyright issues involved in using the photos.  Old
timers will recognize a similarity to an earlier photo essay.  This
rendering takes advantage of the better quality images being published
these days.

Please check out the new page, feedback welcome:
http://www.taxi-l.org/poster.htm

A final note regarding the Taxi-L website...it now has a hit-counter.
It's located on the "home" page and has tallied more than 1100 visits
over the last three weeks.  Many thanks to the numerous Taxi-List
subscribers, past and present, whose contributions appear on every
page of the Taxi-L website.


The rest of this message notes the Memoriam additions:

Jose Roberto Gomez-Javier
04/11/05
Oakwood, Georgia  USA

Hassan Mohammed Yussuf
04/08/05
Edmonton, Alberta  Canada

Thabo Phuroe
04/08/05
Ficksburg, South Africa
(apparently a taxicab, not a minibus)

Neville Bailey
04/06/05
Rochester, New York  USA

Samuel Starks
04/05/05
St. Louis, Missouri  USA

Jaswinder Singh
04/01/05
Ludhiana, India

Wael Hammoud
04/01/05
Jdeidat Yabous, Syria

Torben Knudsen
03/27/05
Copenhagen, Denmark

Manoel Ailson Silvino Borges
12/22/04
Salinopolis, Brazil
[motorcycle taxi driver]

Sebastian Zacarias Hernandez
08/01/04
El Carpintero, Huehuetenango  Guatemala

Ron Hempel
11/15/00
St. Louis, Missouri  USA

Joshua Chisolm
01/01/95
Freeport (Long Island), New York  USA
[date uncertain]

Thomas Tyner
12/08/95
St. Louis, Missouri  USA

[same suspects in the next three murders]

Chandranath Maharaj
02/06/93
Mosquito Creek, La Romaine  Trinidad and Tobago

Lambert Dookoo
03/10/93
Williamsville, Trinidad and Tobago

Ruben Paul Jaskaran
01/01/92
Ste Madeleine, Trinidad and Tobago


Additions to the Endnotes:

- as many as 20 taxi drivers in the Aghan cities of Kabul and
Jalalabad; the arrest of an accused serial killer was reported in
April 2005

- a driver in Bendigo (Victoria) Australia who died in his cab 3/31/05
following a fight with a passenger.

- Trinidad and Tobago driver Elwyn Sampson, date of the murder
unknown but probably between 2000-2004; killer sentenced in 2005.

-An unnamed man, presumably a taxi driver, found shot to death
behind the wheel of an out-of-service taxi in Los Angeles, November
2003.

- A 56-year old driver, name not reported, reported killed May 2005
during a robbery in Ciudad de la Costa, Uruguay.

-An unnamed motorbike taxi driver slain during an August 2003 robbery
in Ha Tay province, Vietnam.

- An unnamed taxi driver killed by a police officer in Namibia July
2004.

- Ten taxi drivers, their fates unknown, who were abducted in June
2004 by armed Kurds from the bus station in Samara, Iraq to avenge the
murder of Kurdish recruits to the Iraqi army.

- A unnamed taxi driver who was slain in Zimbabwe probably
in 2002, based on a news report about the killer's death sentence.



April 5, 2005

Sixteen newly identified taxicab driver homicides have been added to
the Taxi-L Memoriam list.  Additionally, the murders of two managers
have been noted in the "Endnotes" section at the bottom of the
Memoriam page, along with yet another driver homicide in which the
victim's name was not reported.

See http://www.Taxi-L.org/murdrate.htm

The most recent murders include:

Yumnan Sadananda  03/11/05  Imphal,  India
Esayas Alazar  03/04/05  Washington, District of Columbia  USA
Haji Lahami Boko  02/14/05  Jalan Utara, Sabah  Malaysia
Liam Moloney  02/11/05  Ennis, County Kerry  Ireland
Haroon Paryani  02/05/05  Chicago, Illinois  USA

Following a late January knife attack in North Chicago, an injured
driver developed a fatal infection.  Police have charged the assailant
with murder.  The slain driver was:

Lee Jones  02/01/05  North Chicago, Illinois  USA

Four previously unidentified cases came to light in recent news
reports about arrests and trials of assailants.  The drivers were:

Ritsuko Kawashima  08/31/02  Fujisawa, Kanagawa  Japan
Russel Chatto  02/22/02  Davao City,   Philippines
Jaspal Singh Pala  02/02/99  Bheora, Ludhiana  India
Robert Blakeslee  08/15/77  Arabi, Louisiana  USA

Thanks again to Norman Beattie for his continuing research into crimes
against taxicab drivers.  He forwarded articles on homicides recorded
in the online archives of the Northern New York Historical Newspapers
at http://news.nnyln.net/

Morris Michael  01/26/60  North Brunswick, New Jersey  USA
David Suro  12/19/56  New York, New York  USA
Martin A. Bursey  08/14/51  New York, New York  USA
George Butler  07/01/22  Bridgeport, Connecticut  USA

Karl Weiszhaar found a reference to an early driver homicide in
Western Australia.  Further searches did not turn up additional
details, including whether or not the murder was work-related.  The
name is added to the Memoriam list despite incomplete information on
the theory that it is better to err on the side of inclusion,
especially when it seems unlikely that we will ever hear another word
about the case.  Note also that the date of this murder is uncertain,
sometime in the 1920s.  The Memoriam database requires a date entry so
this death is tentatively assigned to January 1, 1925.

John O'Neil  01/01/25  Dalkeith, Western Australia  Australia


Added to the Endnotes at the bottom of the Memoriam page are the
following:

- an unnamed driver slain February 2005 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

- MosCab manager Felix Naiman who was murdered in Moscow, Russia
earlier this year, apparently by gangsters working for rival cab
operators

- Greater Detroit Cab Company manager Exavor Giller slain June 1989 in
Livonia, Michigan.  A former driver for his company was recently
charged with the murder.


Lastly, there were two recent press reports of drivers critically
injured.  But as often happens there were no follow-up reports as to
whether the drivers lived or died.  One occurred on February 10 in
Buffalo, New York and the other on February 25 in Phoenix, Arizona.



February 5, 2005

Four more names are added to the Taxi-L Memoriam list bringing the
total identified to 1097.

Edmund Sowah was murdered January 26 in Prince George's County,
Maryland.

Vismick Pierre was killed January 20 in Spring Valley, NY.  A news
report on the arrest of his assailants referred to a previously
unidentified taxi driver murder in the same city. Jovial Filcidor was
killed sometime during 1996.

I have seen no follow-up news on the death of taxicab driver Leonard
Jackson in Jamaica.  In the sole account available, Mr. Jackson's
family accuses the police of murdering him after he got into a fist
fight with an officer over a parking ticket.  His death on about
January 7 is now counted in the Memoriam total on the reasoning that
it was a work-related murder.

Added to the endnotes, but not counted in the Memoriam total, is yet
another death from South Africa, that of Bhekinkosi Wonderboy Mkhize.
Mr. Mkhize was shot in the head at a taxi stand in Kwa-Zulu Natal on
January 28.  He is described as a taxi driver, but in the SA parlance
"taxi" usually refers to a minibus, which is fixed route transit, not
what the rest of the world thinks of as a taxicab.  Note that the
eight entries for South Africa on the Memoriam list are, with just one
or two exceptions, known for certain to have been drivers of "regular"
taxicabs, not minibuses.



January 17, 2005

Many thanks to Simo Kivisto of Finland for sending info on the murder
of driver Antero Saynatsalo, slain November 21, 2004 in Vaasa,
Finland.  His assailant then robbed a bank and was captured.

Thanks also to Howard Anderson who sent corrected information on the
murder of his father, Las Vegas taxicab driver Robert Anderson.  Mr.
Anderson was slain October 10, 1979, not in 1978 as previously
indicated on the Memoriam list.  Howard notes that his father's
killer, sentenced to life in prison, was released in the 1980s.
Despite being in and out of jail since then, the killer is a free man
today.

Not included in this update is the murder January 7 of Leonard
Jackson, a taxi driver in Kingston, Jamaica.  He is reported to have
gotten into a fistfight with a police officer over a parking
violation; now his family accuses the police of murdering him shortly
after the incident.  Assuming these are the facts of the case, then
arguably the murder was work-related.  My inclination would be to
include his name on the Memoriam list.  What do others think?

Other than Mr. Jackson, the first reported taxi driver homicide of
2005 was in Bristol, England.  Colin Winstone was murdered and robbed
in broad daylight.

Lastly, there has been no follow-up news on driver Julio Rivera of
Youngstown, Ohio.  He was reported in critical condition following a
knife and gun attack on January 7.

See the Memoriam list at: www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm



January 4, 2005

This update of the Taxi-L Memoriam list brings to 1091 the total
number of slain cab drivers identified by name.

Many thanks to Felix Morales and Matt Dalby for providing the names of
two drivers murdered in Phoenix.  Ongoing thanks are due to Ender
Wiggin, Joe Ramsey and Jim Szekely for forwarding news items.

The new additions are:

Ismael Arisa DeAlejandro 8/9/04 Phoenix, Arizona
James Barker 12/1/04 Phoenix, Arizona
Ziad Alarian 12/10/04 Houston, Texas
M.E. Ndaba 12/30/04 Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

One name previously added to the Memoriam list was removed.  A closer
reading of the NYC news item reporting the murder of Kutub Shiblee in
August 2004 reveals that the crime was not work-related.



January 4, 2005 : Review of 2004

News gathered by Taxi-List subscribers brought to light 137 cab driver
murders that occurred worldwide during 2004.  All but ten of the
drivers were identified by name and were added to the Taxi-L Memoriam
list of names at www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm

Four drivers were killed in Canada during 2004, up from two in the
previous year and one the year before that.  The last time four
drivers were killed in Canada was in 2001.

One Australian driver was murdered last year.  No killings were
reported in 2003.  Two drivers were killed in 2002, none in 2001, and
3 in 2000.

37 taxi driver murders were noted in the United States during 2004.
That is down from 44 in 2003, but is more than the 31 slain in 2002 or
the 34 slain in 2001.

In terms of safety, the worst place in the US to drive a cab was
Phoenix, Arizona where three drivers lost their lives to murder in
2004.  There have been 11 drivers slain in Phoenix during the last
five years.  That means 2004 was not just a fluke, but rather that
something about driving a cab in Phoenix is making the work more
dangerous than it ought to be.

New Orleans was the runner up for worst place, the only other city in
the US that had more than one driver homicide.  Two drivers were
killed in New Orleans last year, bringing the five-year total to five.

By comparison, New York City with its approx. 40,000 medallion and
livery cabs had zero driver homicides during 2004.  It wasn't so long
ago when NYC had a driver murder just about every week.  That was
before the shield-or-camera mandate.

There were three driver murders noted in the state of California last
year, down from at least seven murders the previous year.  All three
of the California murders occurred in mid-November; no arrests were
reported in those crimes, which were in Baldwin Park, Santa Ana and
Stockton.

Forty-three killings were reported from South and Central America,
most of those during a six-month period when Denver driver Karl
Weiszhaar made frequent web searches of the Spanish language press.
It is a pretty safe bet that the full-year total for all of Latin
America exceeded 100.  Indeed, the total may have been much higher
than that, given Karl's perception that cab driver homicides in
Colombia were far more numerous than appear in the news reports.

Here is the 2004 breakdown for 42 countries, keeping in mind that the
totals are certainly fragmentary for many places.  It is very
unlikely, for instance, that just one driver was killed in all of
China during the year.

Afghanistan.........1
Argentina...........4
Australia...........1
Bangladesh..........1
Bolivia.............3
Canada..............4
Chile...............4
China...............1
Columbia............6
Costa Rica..........1
Denmark.............1
Ecuador.............1
Fiji................2
Germany.............1
Guatemala...........2
Guayana.............2
Haiti...............1
Honduras............2
India...............6
Indonesia...........2
Iraq................1
Jamaica.............5
Japan...............3
Kenya...............1
Malaysia............2
Mexico..............7
Netherlands.........1
Norway..............1
Palestine...........2
Panama..............1
Paraguay............1
Peru................3
Philippines.........2
Singapore...........1
South Africa.........7
Spain...............2
Trinidad and Tobago...6
Uganda..............1
United States......37
Uruguay.............1
Venezuela...........5
Zambia..............1



December 14, 2004

Here are 16 newly identified taxi, minicab and livery driver homicides
as of 12/13/04.  See the updated list of 1088 names at
http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm

Thanks are due to Ender Wiggin and Jim Szekely, who in their own ways
labor year after year to bring light where otherwise there is
darkness.

Special thanks to Yvette Moore of the State of Nevada Taxicab
Authority for providing information on numerous previously
unidentified driver homicides in that state.

The cases noted below for 1995, 2002 and 2003 were identified through
news reports on recent legal actions concerning the perpetrators.

Deral Howard Guess 12/08/04 Edgewood, Maryland  USA
Carlos Lojan 12/06/04 Atlanta, Georgia  USA
Mehraj-ud Din  12/04/04  Batapota, Kashmir  India
Rady N. Khella  11/25/04  Jersy City, New Jersey  USA
Anthony Davis  06/05/04  Cincinatti, Ohio  USA
Quarmar Mirza  03/01/03  London,   England
Ramesh Seelochan  08/08/02 Tabaquite,  Trinidad and Tobago
Billy Ray Traver  12/21/97  Las Vegas, Nevada  USA
Petrinio Dagalea  06/20/95  Two Lovers Point,   Guam
Donald Wargo  01/01/95  Erie, Pennsylvania  USA
Paul Leonardo  08/18/86  Las Vegas, Nevada  USA
Owen Sacks  08/16/83  Las Vegas, Nevada  USA
Everette Mullins  01/07/82  Las Vegas, Nevada  USA
Steven Peppers  01/01/82  Las Vegas, Nevada  USA
Kendall Bright  07/24/81  Las Vegas, Nevada  USA
Robert Anderson  01/01/78  Las Vegas, Nevada  USA

Two other drivers were murdered recently but their names were not
reported in the news items seen to date. They are a driver slain in
Phoenix, Arizona (USA) on the night of December 1, and a driver
murdered on the highway near Vlakfontein, South Africa on December 8.

The cab driver murder in Phoenix is at least the tenth in five years
in that city of about 1.3 million people. Arguably Phoenix deserves
the worst rating in the US for taxi safety.  It has certainly been
much riskier to drive a cab in Phoenix than in New York City during
the time since January 2000.

There has been no further word on the fate of activist driver Robert
Jango, reported to be in critical condition following a shooting in
Wheaton, Maryland in late November.  Similarly there has been no
follow-up news story on Earl Thompson, critically wounded in Miami on
October 5.



November 29, 2004

Twenty-four names are added to the Taxi-L Memoriam list of murdered
cab drivers.  The total identified as of November 29, 2004 is 1072.

There have been nine US taxi driver homicides so far in November,
including two drivers whose names were added to the list earlier this
month.  Nine in one month is a lot.

Most of the credit for gathering the news on these cases goes to Ender
Wiggin, who continues his/her extraordinary contributions to
Taxi-List.

Special thanks to Australian driver Chris Manning for his search of
French-language news sources on the Internet, especially Le Monde and
Le Figaro. Chris has identified eleven taxi driver homicides in France
between 1987 and 2003. Previously, no driver homicides were known from
that country.

Thanks also to driver Matt Dalby for providing information on the 1992
murder of David Lacey in Phoenix, Arizona.

The newly added names are:

Manuel Austria, Jr.  11/23/04  Quezon City,  Philippines
Robert Adams  11/23/04  Memphis, Tennessee  USA
Thualfikar Alattiya  11/19/04  Windsor, Ontario  Canada
Daniel Desir  11/19/04  Plantation, Florida  USA
Sangkhom (Sam) Promdongloi  11/17/04  Barrow, Alaska  USA
Manuel Antonio Arevalo  11/15/04  Baldwin Park, California  USA
Ralph Moreau  11/13/04  Norwalk, Connecticut  USA
Chandrika Dip  11/12/04  Stockton, California  USA
Andrew B. Kamara  11/12/04  Washington, District of Columbia  USA
Armand Dolbachian  11/04/03  Marseille, France
Tahar Sabi  10/28/99  Le Perreux, Val-de-Marne  France
Jean-Pierre Lardon  10/02/99  Vaux-le-Penil, France
Souleymane Sidibe  06/02/98  Villetaneuse, Seine-Saint-Denis  France
Samuel Klutse  04/13/98  Carol City, Florida  USA
Christian Birot  09/27/96  Saint-Aubin-de-Medoc, Gironde  France
Paul Hubbard  03/01/95  Stockton, California  USA
Rodolfo Castaneda  02/25/95  El Monte, California  USA
Lyazid Hidous  01/28/95  Paris, France
Amadou Diallo  10/04/94  Paris, France
Ginette Marie  08/21/92  Commercy, Meuse France
David Lacey  04/15/92  Phoenix, Arizona  USA
Claude Dupuy  05/19/91  Le Havre, France
Ahmed Bennai  06/13/89  Gournay-sur-Marne, Seine-Saint-Denis France
Jacqueline Bulher  10/11/87  Paris, France



November 10, 2004

The Taxi-L Memoriam list of slain cab drivers has been updated as of
November 10, 2004.  (See http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm )  The
number identified by name now stands at 1048.

Again a deep debt of gratitude is owed to Internet news researcher
Ender Wiggin for sharing the results of many hours of work.

Additional information for this update came from Denver driver Karl
Weiszhaar, NYC driver Kevin Fitzpatrick, Swedish driver Josko,
Canadian researcher Norman Beattie, Matthew Oddy of Detroit Checker
Cab, Jim Szekely of ITDSC and Alex Macabata of the Manila driver/owner
association PILTOP.

The newly added names are:

Karim Ally  11/06/04  Chicago, Illinois USA
Rafat Al-Hams  11/03/04  Rafah, Gaza Palestine
John Romberg  11/02/04  Baraboo, Wisconsin USA
Roland Marshall  10/28/04  Fyzabad, Trinidad and Tobago
Poul-Otto Hansen  10/18/04  Copenhagen, Denmark
Barthelemy Brenord  10/18/04  Orlando, Florida USA
Donald Papke  10/15/04  Detroit, Michigan USA
Shiv Kumar  10/13/04  New Delhi, India
Harun Harahap  10/09/04  Jakarta, Indonesia
Ricardo Wedderburn  10/09/04  Clark's Town, Jamaica
Santos Solano  10/09/04  Newark, New Jersey USA
Ahmad Abdul Jamil Bhatti  10/08/04  Frankfurt, Germany
Jorge Mangote  04/01/04  Marikina City, Philippines
Ibrahima Doukare  05/01/00  New York City, New York USA
Arthur Desjardins  12/11/66  Montreal, Quebec  Canada

Not included for lack of identifying information is a driver killed on
Oct 29, 2004 in Bogota, Colombia when a roadside bomb exploded near
his cab.



October 8, 2004

The October 8, 2004 update to the Taxi-L Memoriam page adds 18 names,
bringing the total to 1033. (see http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm )

Many thanks to Karl Weiszhaar, Ender Wiggin and Jim Szekely for their
work in finding news articles on the Internet.

Thanks also to Susan Bowers for information on the recent death in
Halifax.  Johnny White sent the results of his news search on taxi
homicides in Nashville, which is much appreciated.

David Gawthorn and others commented on the idea of a bricks-and-mortar
version of the Memoriam project.  I confess to having no idea about
how that might come to pass.  The fire house across from the cab
company where I work has a small plaque on the building memorializing
the fire-fighter from that station who lost his life in a fire.
Possibly a similar local memorial would be a good place to start.

Chris Manning of Victoria, Australia sent helpful feedback, some of
which is reflected in the newly edited endnotes at the bottom of the
Memoriam page.

And thanks again to Norman Beattie of Winnipeg who has discovered
still more Canadian taxi homicides from decades ago in his ongoing
searches of news archives on the net.  Norman also sent reports on
several US killings from long ago, including one from 1912 that is now
the earliest case recorded on the Memoriam list.

The newly identified homicides are:

John Harvey Hibbs  10/03/04  Lower Sackville, Nova Scotia  Canada
Baldat Balgobin  10/02/04  Chaguanas,   Trinidad and Tobago
Choon Sang Lim  09/29/04  Singapore,   Singapore
Mustafa Jubara  09/27/04  Beit Furik, West Bank  Palestine
Benito Antonio Gonzalez Perez  07/19/04  Guyana City,   Guyana
Ricardo Alexander Fuenmayor  07/17/04  Caracas,   Venezuela
Felix Gutierrez Garcia  07/17/04  Caracas,   Venezuela
Richard Ray  10/04/97  Nashville (Antioch), Tennessee  USA
Carl Sharp  12/08/95  Nashville, Tennessee  USA
Michel Boulianne  08/27/85  Trois Rivieres, Quebec  Canada
Maxime Gelinas  10/10/51  Etienne des Gres, Quebec  Canada
Edward Kassirer  07/12/37  Fort Erie, Ontario  Canada
Arthur K. Cavell  04/01/25  Prescott, Arizona  USA
Lee Duke  12/28/21  Orange, Texas  USA
Charles Garbo  12/01/21  La Fayette, Louisiana  USA
John Roy  12/01/21  Crowley, Louisiana  USA
Nicholas Venezio  02/21/17  Pueblo, Colorado  USA
Thomas Edward White  10/09/12  Salt Lake City, Utah  USA

Reports of three additional taxi homicides have come to light, but
without names, so these will not appear on the list of names unless
more information becomes available.  The three are:

- a 25-year-old taxi driver shot to death September 24, 2004 in Kitwe,
Zambia

- a cab driver slain in Brussels Belgium in 1985, one of 28 victims of
a notorious gang

- a Tacoma Washington taxicab driver who was slain in 1922 or 1923

One name, Miguel Angel Perez of Buenos Aires, was removed from the
Memoriam list because the murder turned out not to be related to his
work as a taxi driver.



September 30, 2004

The Taxi-L Memoriam page for slain taxicab drivers now lists 1016
names.  The September 23 update added twenty 20 names.

Russel Heyns  09/06/04  Delft, South Africa
Eric J. Stanton  09/01/04  Clearwater, Florida USA
Cirilo Herrera Virgen  08/29/04  Cordoba, Vera Cruz Mexico
Elmer Condori  08/25/04  Tacna, Peru
Roberto Gonzales  08/25/04  New Orleans, Louisiana USA
Albert Craig  08/25/04  Buffalo, New York USA
Ismael Mamani Santos  08/23/04  Oruro, Bolivia
Javier Becerra Chacon  08/22/04  San Cristobal, Venezuela
Pairoj Chitprasart  08/20/04  Las Vegas, Nevada USA
Adrian Ramon Rios  08/18/04  Cordoba, Argentina
Igor Cristian Vasquez Lizama  08/16/04  Puente Alto, Chile
Abdullah Abdul-Wahid  08/16/04  Morvant, Trinidad and Tobago
Susanna Wolfaardt  07/08/04  Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Hector Hugo Oquendo  07/05/04  Zapatoca, Jamundi Colombia
Hugo Julian Estigarribia Parades  06/19/04  Curuguaty, Paraguay
Oscar Vicente Martinez Rivas  01/01/04  Tegucigalpa, Honduras
Sam Botha  06/16/02  Schauderville, South Africa
Surjeet  07/31/97  Sahibabad, India
Robert Scott  05/01/96  Des Moines, Iowa USA
Matthew Pusateri  11/12/88  Cedar Rapids, Iowa USA

Many thanks to the indefatigable Ender Wiggin for his/her continuing
news harvests, and to Karl Weiszhaar for tracking down news items from
the Spanish-language press.

Thanks also to Josh Henderson and Perry Ivy for sending information on
taxi homicides in the state of Iowa, and to company owner Dennis
Hurter for providing links to news items regarding drivers slain in
Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

In addition to the twenty names added with this update, twenty more
taxi driver homicides came to light this month but without the
drivers' names reported.  It is a clear indicator that the Memoriam
list is severely understated, even though it now lists more than 1000
names.  The following deaths are not recorded on the list for lack of
specifics, but are noted in the endnotes at the bottom of the Memoriam
page.

- a taxi driver, name not reported, who was slain in Phoenix, Arizona
on August 10, 2004;

- a taxi driver murdered in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on April 21, 2004,
name not reported;

- an unidentified cab driver in Khandahar, Afghanistan who was killed
September 3, 2004 when a bomb exploded in another car as he drove past
in his taxi;

- eight unidentified cab drivers slain in Tegucigalpa, Honduras during
the second week of November 2003, and five cab drivers murdered in
Tegucigalpa in the first five months of 2004;

- three Iowa cab drivers, names unknown: two slain in Council Bluffs
during the late 1980s; and one slain in Des Moines in 1996 (see also
Robert Scott);

- a taxi driver, name not reported, slain in San Felix, Guyana during
2004.

Taxi-List readers may be interested to know that last week I received
an email from a relative of a Toronto driver who was slain in the
1990s.  The writer expressed thanks on behalf of the whole family for
memorializing their loved one and "for speaking for those who are no
longer with us."  I want to pass that message on especially to Ender,
who must get awfully tired of preparing the frequent taxi news
digests.  That work is the indispensable first step in maintaining a
memorial and is certain to bring solace to numerous families in years
to come.

I think that many taxi drivers' relatives feel like their loved one's
life was simply erased from the world when they were slain, and they
are both surprised and comforted to discover an effort to memorialize
them.  This particular family, which I think may be located outside of
the Toronto area, had never seen the press reports from the time and
had little information about what actually happened.  I'm glad that
the otherwise grim news items that I forwarded to them also report on
an hours-long heroic effort to save the injured driver's life by
Toronto police and medics.



August 19, 2004

As of August 2004, there are now 996 names on the Taxi-L list of slain
cab drivers at: http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm

Many thanks to those who gathered the information:

- Karl Weiszhaar who researched Spanish-language news sources;
- Martin Fumyr for sending news of a taxi driver murdered in Norway;
- Norman Beattie for news from Whitehorse in the Yukon;
- Tara Housman sent new information on a previously known case;
- and Ender Wiggin for the huge contribution that he/she continues to
make.

Additional thanks are due to Terry Smythe.  I've recently begun
"mining" some 40 MB of saved news items for homicide reports from
around 1996-97 when the Memoriam list was not regularly updated.
Almost all of the news items from those years were gathered by Terry.
Several of the recent additions date from that period.

Belated thanks to Wayne Burgess of Hopewell, VA and to John Tompkins
of Atlantic City, NJ.  Both sent messages (in 1997!) with news of
driver homicides.  Regrettably, their messages got lost in a deluge of
other items.  This update adds the names of Jimmy Dunbar, a driver at
Mr. Burgess' company.  Also added is the name of Ron Suarez who is
fondly remembered by his friend, John Tompkins.  (The date of Mr.
Suarez' death is approximate and may be off by a couple of years.)


The 38 newly added names, grouped roughly by region, are:

Daniel Agustin Baci, 07/13/04, La Plata, Argentina
Miguel Angel Perez, 07/01/04, La Plata, Argentina
Jose Luis Condori Pinaya, 07/15/04, Oruro, Bolivia
Igor Vasquez Lizama, 07/14/04, Puente Alto, Chile
Cristian Vasquez, 07/11/04, Puente Alto, Chile
Victor Hugo Pucuna, 03/02/04, Duran, Ecuador
Jose Santos Chox Chamorro, 06/23/04, Solola, Guatemala
Esteban Almaraz Flores, 07/17/04, Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca Mexico
Uriel Jimenez Elizalde, 02/13/04, Mexico City, D.F. Mexico
Carlos Rodriguez, 08/10/04, Panama City, Panama
Miguel Angel Perez, 01/01/04, Montevideo, Uraguay
Henry Jose Parra Rondon, 03/05/03, San Felix, Guayana Venezuela
Alvaro Suarez Hernandez, 07/02/04, La Concordia, Venezuela

Winston Monderoy, 08/06/04, D'Abadie, Trinidad and Tobago

Brian Russel Wheldon, 06/19/04, Whitehorse, Yukon Canada

William R. Edwards, 01/15/63, Omaha, Nebraska USA
Ron Suarez, 01/01/87, Atlantic City, New Jersey USA
Ricky Saylor, 01/01/90, Pensacola, Florida USA
Kenneth Bellamy, 03/01/92, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania USA
Willie J. (Jimmy) Dunbar, 11/03/94, Hopewell, Virginia USA
Mikhail Sharov, 02/26/96, New York, New York USA
Jose Avecillas, 12/14/96, New York, New York USA
Richard T. Phillips, 11/19/97, Naples, Florida USA
John Castro, 10/26/97, Reno, Nevada USA
Frank Charles Hardt, 03/17/97, San Bernardino, California USA
Michael Miyada, 01/07/97, West Covina, California USA
Kutub Shiblee, 08/04/04, New York, New York USA
Charles Eugene Shields, 08/07/04, Davidson County, North Carolina USA

Saqib Ghani, 08/12/04, Oslo, Norway
Amador Guerrero Rodriguez, 08/15/04, Sevilla, Spain
Paulino Cobo Ortiz, 07/01/02, Lloret de Mar, Spain
Manuel Teran, 01/01/92, Castilla, Castilla y Leon Spain

Ahmad Walid Al-Bath, 03/19/03, Kilo, Iraq
Ulfat Mia, 07/14/04, Uttara, Bangladesh

Daya Prasad, 06/30/04, Lautoka Fiji
Jese Roseru Tabua, 07/04/04, Uduya Point, Lami Fiji

David Munga, 07/26/04, Juja Town, Kenya

To view the entire Memoriam list, see http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm



August 19, 2004 : Comments on Latin American taxi homicides

Thanks to the efforts of Denver driver Karl Weiszhaar, readers can now
begin to gauge the extent of taxi driver homicides in Latin America.

Folks who have followed the growth of the Taxi-L Memoriam list over
the years will recall that for a long time it looked like taxi murders
were almost exclusively a US problem.  That was due to generally
easier access to US news sources.

Then Norman Beattie's work on Canadian driver homicides provided a
comprehensive look at the situation in another country.  Indeed, the
more than 100 murders that he has documented comprise the most
thorough review conducted for any place.

English-language news sources in a few other places, notably South
Africa and Jamaica, have revealed taxi homicide problems as serious as
those seen in North America.

Now for the first time a sustained effort is being made to track news
sources in a language other than English.  Karl is trying to identify
as many taxi driver homicides as he can in the Spanish-language press
on the Internet.  He is focusing on 2004 and hopes to identify every
case reported, at least for the first half of the year.  The sample
could be a valuable starting point for further research by Latin
American cab operators, drivers, regulators and others who are
responsible for the safe operation of taxi services.

It's a difficult task that Karl has undertaken.  Many of the news
reports are full of ambiguities; it is not always clear, for instance,
if a driver's murder occurred while he was on the job.  A more serious
problem that Karl faces is that it can be mighty depressing for a cab
driver to read dozens of accounts of cab driver murders.  It's
especially discouraging that many of the accounts are so maddeningly
the same.

It's a work in progress, but here are the results so far.  Most of
these cases were found by Karl.  As you can see, there have been quite
a few Latin American taxi driver murders already identified for 2004.

Lesly Garcia, 01/04/02 Tuxtla, Gutierrez Mexico
Gilberto Jimenez, 01/10/02 Tuxtla, Gutierrez Mexico
Carlos Villagra Lovera, 05/04/02 Asuncion, Paraguay
Diego Gomez, 06/07/02 San Cristobal de las Casa, Mexico
Oscar Galvis Osario, 08/01/02 Bello, Colombia
Marco Wilches, 11/14/02 Facatativa, Colombia

Henry Jose Parra Rondon, 03/05/03 San Felix, Guayana Venezuela
Jhony Enrique Vergara, 07/29/03 Merida, Venezuela
Juan Aldana, 09/15/03 La Plata, Argentina
Raul Antonio Palacios Navas, 12/01/03 El Oasis, Venezuela
Guillermo Ramon Towers Martinez, 12/13/03 Caroni, Venezuela
Jesus Lobo, 12/30/03 Merida, Venezuela

Miguel Angel Perez, 01/01/04 Montevideo, Uraguay
Benjamin Eduardo Cochi Casafranca, 01/05/04 Village el Salvador, Peru
Uriel Jimenez Elizalde, 02/13/04 Mexico City, D.F. Mexico
Ronald Martin Badilla, 02/28/04 San Antonio d'Natividad, Costa Rica
Victor Hugo Pucuna, 03/02/04 Duran, Ecuador
Jose Refuge, 03/11/04 Leon, Guanajuato Mexico
Jose Albeiro Valencia Mounts, 03/13/04 Manizales, Colombia
Ignacio Cortes, 03/16/04 Penjamo, Guanajuato Mexico
Roberto Paolucci, 03/20/04 Rosario, Argentina
Jose Fernando Castano Rojas, 03/22/04 Manizales, Colombia
Juan Domingo Tubio, 03/25/04 Ituzaingo, Argentina
Efren Dias Salas, 03/30/04 Puebla, Mexico
Santiago Villegas, 04/01/04 Lima, Peru
Humberto Buitrago Ocampo, 04/13/04 Manizales, Colombia
Jorge Lopez, 04/17/04 Orbe, Chile
Jose Rafael Useche Pernia, 04/23/04 Caracas, Venezuela
Melvin Geovani Rivera Castillo, 04/23/04 Ticanlu, Guatemala
Andres Rivera, 05/02/04 San Antonio, Chamelecon Honduras
Andres Mauricio Hernandez Garcia, 05/28/04 Manizales, Colombia
Jorge Alberto Membreno Rivas, 06/04/04 Torreon, Coahuila Mexico
Giner Vergara, 06/08/04 Sacaba, Bolivia
Jose Santos Chox Chamorro, 06/23/04 Solola, Guatemala
Miguel Angel Perez, 07/01/04 La Plata, Argentina
Alvaro Suarez Hernandez, 07/02/04 La Concordia, Venezuela
Cristian Vasquez, 07/11/04 Puente Alto, Chile
Daniel Agustin Baci, 07/13/04 La Plata, Argentina
Igor Vasquez Lizama, 07/14/04 Puente Alto, Chile
Jose Luis Condori Pinaya, 07/15/04 Oruro, Bolivia
Esteban Almaraz Flores, 07/17/04 Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca Mexico
Carlos Rodriguez, 08/10/04 Panama City, Panama



July 16, 2004

This update reports on 25 names added to the Taxi-L Memoriam list of
murdered cab drivers since the last report in May.  There are now 958
names on the list.

See http://www.Taxi-L.org/murdrate.htm

Many thanks to Taxi-List moderator Karl Weiszhaar and to Ender Wiggin
for their work searching the Internet for taxi-related news items. All
of the recent homicides mentioned here are known thanks to Karl and
Ender.

Two of the murders occurred in Canada, but only one of them appears on
the Memoriam list. That is because the second driver's name was not
reported in the press. He was killed in Whitehorse on June 19.

Gisele Minhas, 7/1/04, Moncton, New Brunswick
Name withheld, 6/19/04 Whitehorse, Yukon

I do not know what has happened since May regarding taxicab driver
Mozammel Hossain of Toronto, Ontario.  The last press report I saw
stated that he was comatose and in critical condition following head
injuries suffered in an assault on 5/13/04.

Three recent murders were reported in the US:

Arshad Mahmood, 7/9/04 Oxon Hill, Maryland
Gardinaire Jean, 6/20/04, West Palm Beach, Florida
Feltus Sterling, 5/27/04, New Orleans, Louisiana

Again, I do not know what happened with the 56-year old taxicab driver
in Milwaukee (name not reported) who suffered severe injuries in a gun
attack on 4/21/04. He was last reported as being in critical condition
and on life support.

Nine more recent homicides are known from other areas. A special word
of thanks to Karl for his help with reports from Latin America.

Terrence Bowen, 7/3/04, Petit Valley, Diego Martin, Trinidad and Tobago
Giner Vergara, 6/8/04, Sacaba, Bolivia
Jorge Alberto Membreño Rivas, 6/4/04, Torreón, Coahuila Mexico
Clive Allen, 6/4/04, Montego Bay, Jamaica
Andres Mauricio Hernandez Garcia, 5/28/04, Manizales, Colombia
Hitosi Murakami, 05/25/04, Natori, Miyagi Japan
Frans Ntlhou, 05/22/04, Pretoria, South Africa
Navaz Mehboob Pathan, 05/21/04, Pavagadh, India
Humberto Buitrago Ocampo, 4/13/04, Manizales, Colombia

There was another taxicab driver murder, and possibly two, in Fiji
during early July. There is some uncertainty about the name(s) which I
can hopefully sort out with the next update.

Another taxicab driver (name not reported) was killed by a police
officer in Namibia on July 9.

The last of the recent cases is from Iraq, though hopefully the end of
the story was not murder. On June 20, ten taxicab drivers were
abducted by gunmen in Kirkut in revenge for the murder of Kurdish
fighters. I have not seen a news report on the drivers' names and
fates.

Twelve more names are from previous years. Such cases often come to
light when current news items report on trials or arrests that occur
years after the crime. For instance, the man accused of murdering Ms.
Fugate in Louisiana during 2000 was arrested a few weeks ago in
Indiana.

Paul Rosenberg, 4/1/03, Rookley, Isle of Wight, UK
Brian Twohey, 2/21/03, London, England UK
Oscar Galvis Osorio, 8/01/02 Bello, Colombia
Rosel Ramon Castro, 6/12/02, Los Angeles, California USA
Keum Sik Kim, 7/8/01, Los Angeles, California USA
Hak Choon Chun, 6/11/01 Los Angeles, California USA
Fumio Sammi, 12/27/00, Hyogo, Japan
Janice Fugate, 4/1/00, LaPlace, Louisiana USA
Jose Benitez, 11/23/99, Los Angeles, California USA
Ju-Wei Chang, 1/14/97 New York, New York, USA
Avi Yavin 2/19/96, Petah Tikva, Israel
Lee Kok Yin, 1/5/95 Singapore

Future updates will contain quite a few cases from previous years.
I've begun going through a folder that contains hundreds of articles
on driver homicides, many of which did not get added to the Memoriam
list at the time when the articles appeared.

If you haven't visited the Taxi-L website in a while, please do so.
It's had a face lift and is easier to navigate now. The URL is:
http://www.Taxi-L.org



May 13, 2004

Again, many thanks to Joe Ramsey, Ender Wiggin and Karl Weiszhaar for
sharing the fruits of their internet news harvests.  This update of the
Taxi-L Memoriam list is especially indebted to Karl for providing
translations as well as reports from Spanish language news sources.

The most recent death was in Philadelphia, the seventh in the US this year.
The driver was shot through the open window of a partition.

Maninovsky Lubin, 05/10/04 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

A previously overlooked 1997 murder was reported due to a recent court
ruling.  The killer's conviction was overturned on the grounds that his IQ
of 60 made him incompetent.

Robert Earl Quinn III, slain 1997 in Charleston, South Carolina

Ten of the newly identified taxi driver homicides are from Latin America:

Juan Aldana, 09/15/03 in La Plata, Argentina
Juan Domingo Tubio, 03/25/04 in Ituzaingo, Argentina
Jorge Lopez, 04/17/04 in Orbe, Chile
Jose Fernando Castano Rojas, 03/25/04 in Manizales, Columbia
Melvin Geovani Rivera Castillo, 04/23/04 in Ticanlu, Guatemala
Andres Rivera, 05/02/04 in San Antonio,Chamelecon Honduras
Efren Dias Salas, 03/30/04 in Puebla, Mexico
Carlos Villagra Lovera, 05/04/02 in Asuncion, Paraguay
Santiago Villegas, 04/01/04 in Lima, Peru
Jose Rafael Useche Pernia, 04/23/04 in Caracas, Venezuela

The final three additions are from India, the Canary Islands and Uganda.
The Ugandan driver was killed by police at a roadblock.  The officers who
shot him are now under investigation for murder.

Anthony Joaquin Rodriguez, 05/01/04 in Panaji, Goa India
Antonio Hernandez, 04/09/02 in San Brigida, Canary Islands (Spain)
Faisal Bagyeraki, 04/26/04 in Rutoto, Uganda

A few of the newly identified cases were reported without the precise date
of the crime.  An example is the 1997 murder in South Carolina, which does
not even indicate the month in which the crime occurred.  In that case, the
Memoriam list indicates the date of the murder as January 1, 1997.
Similarly, if the crime is known to have occurred in March, but the specific
date in March is not known, then the date is indicated as March 1 of that
year.  The reason for doing it this way is because the database that stores
the Memoriam list requires a specific date so that it can sort the list by
chronological order.  Those dates that are approximate are "flagged" in the
database so that they can be filtered out if it is desired to look only at
cases for which the actual date of the crime is known.

See the updated Memoriam list at:

http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm



April 25, 2004

Again, many thanks to Ender Wiggin and Joe Ramsey for sharing their
remarkable harvests of news items from the web.

This update of the Taxi-L Memoriam page ( www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm ) adds
nine names to the list of slain drivers.

Two of the fatal assaults occurred recently in the US.

- Abdoelhafiz Hassan Hamed Dowleib on 4/6/04 in Greensboro, NC
- Roosevelt Kendrick on 4/20/04 in Ft. Myers, FL

A 1996 cab driver murder in Tennessee was brought to Jim Szekely's attention
by Jamie Page, a reporter for The Jackson Sun.

- Howard Bates during November 1996 in Jackson, Tennessee

Jamie also verified a previously identified murder in Jackson, the February
2002 death of Linda Bradstock.

The recent news reports identified 5 cab driver murders in Asia.

- Ghulam Nabi Sheikh on 4/20/04 in Kashmir, India
- Lee Tian Tong on 4/17/04 in Senai, Malaysia
- Sapto Priatmo on 4/21/04 in Setu, Indonesia
- Wan on 4/11/04 in Bandar Puteri, Malaysia
- Xilong Wang on 4/23/04 in Chengzheng, China

Twelve driver murders occurred during 2003 in Islamabad, Pakistan.  The
names were not reported and thus they are not included in the Memoriam list,
but a reference to the deaths has been added to the notes at the end of the
Memoriam list.

Lastly, a news report on a murder prosecution now underway in South Africa
identified a driver slain in 2001.

- Moegamat Brand on 6/20/01 in Zwelitsha, South Africa

The Memoriam list has a new look starting today.  Most of the explanatory
text has moved to the bottom, and there is a new navigation bar to simplify
sorting the list by name, date or place.



April 15, 2004

http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm

Many thanks to Ender Wiggin, Joe Ramsey and Karl Weiszhaar for sharing
the results of their news searches.  Here is a brief review of the cab
driver homicides that were reported in news items that they found
between about March 5 and April 3.

This Memoriam update adds 12 names to the list of cab drivers slain on
the job.  All are recent except for a 1978 murder in Alabama which
came to light in a news item regarding the killer's legal appeals.

James Dewey Cash  1/1/78  Jefferson County, Alabama
Rashid Hamoudi Taha  01/03/04  Tikrit, Iraq
Gerard Denz  3/3/04  Rotterdam, Netherlands
Benu Prafad-Adhikari  3/11/04  Melbourne, Australia
Jose Refuge  03/11/04  Leon, Mexico
Jose Albeira Valencia Mounts  3/13/04  Manazales, Columbia
Ignacio Cortes  03/16/04  Santa Ana, Mexico
Kiyoshi Sawada  3/16/04  Gifu, Japan
Roberto Paolucci  3/20/04  Rosario, Argentina
Valente Castro Valdes  03/21/04  Phoenix, Arizona
Ronald Martin Badilla  02/28/04  San Antonio d'Natividad, Costa Rica
Masfin Gezahgn  03/29/04  Denver, Colorado

Three additional homicides were mentioned in recent accounts, but
without the drivers' names.  One was a taxi driver killed by US troops
at a checkpoint in Port-au-Prince, Haiti on March 8.  In South Africa,
a driver was murdered during a robbery March 7 at Rosslyn near
Pretoria.  Lastly, there was an unnamed driver murdered in El Paso
during 1979, which was mentioned briefly in an article about the
killer's legal status.

This update also corrects an editing error in the count, which was off
by about 30.  The total of names on the list jumps from 874 to 914.
Additional homicides were reported in Ender's posts during the last
week or ten days but aren't posted to the Memoriam list yet.



March 5, 2004

http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm

This update adds 14 names to the Memoriam list of murdered taxi
drivers.  Many thanks again to drivers Joe Ramsey, Ender Wiggin, Karl
Weiszhaar and to an anonymous participant who share the results of
their web searches for taxi-related news.

Arthur Roberts died of gunshots to the head in an afternoon assault,
2/10/04 in Seneca, South Carolina.  Prior to that, the last reported
US taxi homicide was in Seattle on January 31.

There were two recent driver slayings in the Caribbean region.  John
Hollio was killed in a late night knife attack, 2/22/04 in Arima,
Trinidad and Tobago.  On 2/3/04 Samuel Lawrence and a passenger both
died of gunshot wounds to the head after being ambushed in a remote
location at night near Hanover, Jamaica.

This update includes two UK cases from previous years.  Mesfun
Geremedhin died of a head injury in a fight with another cab driver on
8/2/03 in London, England.  The other is a 20 year-old unsolved murder
that was in the press recently as part of an effort to solve "cold"
cases.  George Murdoch died of head and neck injuries on 9/29/83 near
Aberdeen, Scotland.

Five of the newly identified deaths occurred in the United Arab
Emirates during a two week period in the summer of 2000.  The
assailant has been sentenced to death for the murder-robberies in
which poisoned soft drinks were offered to the drivers.

Mulazim Hussain Ghulam
Zarmulla Khan
Gul Shameer Khan
Aidaz Gul Khan
Khajir Khan Sawar Khan

Four additional cases have been identified in the course of Norman
Beattie's ongoing review of Canadian press archives.  They are:

Harold Hamilton, 9/18/49 in Port Arthur, Ontario
Ralph Caruso, 8/11/52 in Whitehorse, Yukon Territories
Sebastian Giardetti, 11/30/57 in Toronto, Ontario
Mohamed Hakib-Arbaji, 4/21/03 in Toronto, Ontario

Mr. Hakib-Arbaji's death might arguably be called non-taxi related
because the killing occurred shortly after he stopped working for the
day.  He intervened in a convenience store robbery while still wearing
a bullet-resistant vest that he wore for protection while driving his
cab.  Acquaintances speculated that this may have influenced him to
confront the robber.  His name is included on the reasoning that it
was his job that put him in harm's way, even if he was technically off
work.



February 3, 2004

http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm

A short update for a change...

Curtis Vassell, January 21 in Montego Bay, Jamaica
Hassan Muse Farah, January 31 in Seattle, Washington USA

The Seattle murder is the first reported for the US since December 13,
about 48 days ago.

A recent news item from Jamaica quotes a taxi association official as
saying that there were 27 cab driver murders in that country during
2002, and 43 during 2003.  Of the seventy total for those two years,
just four are identified in the Memoriam list.

Again an unidentified driver was in the news from Iraq.  A taxicab
driver and three passengers were shot and killed by a US soldier when
the cab attempted to pass a military convoy near Tikrit on January 3.

Another unidentified taxi driver was killed during a robbery in
Pretoria, South Africa on January 26.

Many thanks to Ender Wiggin, Joe Ramsey, Karl Weiszhaar and Barb
Kabrick for scouring the web in search of taxi-related news.



January 19, 2004

http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm

This update adds seven names to the Taxi-L Memoriam page for murdered
taxi drivers.

Aki Jorma Harkonen, 1/23/02 in Savonlinna, Finland
Barney McDonald, 4/16/02 in Donaghmore, Northern Ireland
Yasuro Minato, 1/7/04 in Aichi, Japan
Gordon C. Perry, 1969 in Seattle, Washington USA
Imtiaz Zuberuddin Sheikh, 1/8/04 in Chembur, India
Teeleleni Shilondelo, 10/26/01 in Onghumbi District, Angola
John Singh, 7/27/92 in Fresno, California USA

Many thanks to Barb Kabrick, Ender Wiggin, Karl Weiszhaar and Joe
Ramsey for their remarkably fruitful harvesting of news items from the
Internet.

Additionally, two visitors to the Taxi-L web site in the last week
have sent email informing me of omissions to the Memoriam list.

A family member of Seattle driver Gordon C. Perry reports his murder
during a taxi robbery in 1968 or 1969.  Until the date is more firmly
established, the crime will appear on the Memoriam list as  occurring
on 1/1/69 rather than continuing the omission.

Journalist John Taylor has drawn attention to the previously
overlooked murder of Fresno taxi driver John Singh in that city during
1992.

Barb's searches turned up the previously unknown driver murders in
Northern Ireland, Angola and Finland.  The news item from Finland
makes reference to additional drivers slain during the previous year,
one in Oulu, and a Helsinki driver slain in the town of Lahti.  Their
names are not given, however, so the Memoriam list records just one
killing where in fact three homicides are known to have occurred.

Another news item offered further evidence of how dramatically
understated the Memoriam list is, even though it already records over
800 driver murders.  An article from Spain notes that 53 drivers have
been killed in that country during the last 10-15 years.  The names of
just four Spanish drivers appear on the Memoriam list.

Norman Beattie of Winnipeg is continuing his research into taxi
homicides.  Recently he came across a pair of news articles indicating
that there had been about 60 taxi driver murders in West Germany
between 1945 and 1967.  Their names are not reported, so none appear
on the Memoriam list.

Recent news items draw attention to the other great risk faced by taxi
drivers.  Horrific road crashes involving taxis in Pennsylvania and
South Africa during the last week each resulted in multiple
fatalities.



January 12, 2004

http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm

This update of the Taxi-L Memoriam list of murdered cab drivers adds
nine names.  It brings the total identified to 849 as of January 11,
2004.

Drivers Karl Weiszhaar and Ender Wiggin brought most of these cases to
light with their patient harvesting of Internet news sources, and in
some cases translations as well.

The name of Earl William Brecher, slain in Anaheim California in 1965,
is added at the request of his daughter, who noted the omission on the
Memoriam list.

Two Houston murders in the 1990s are added following web research by
driver Tara Housman.

The additions are:

Earl William Brecher, 3/12/65 in Anaheim, California
Benjamin Eduardo Cochi Casafranca, 1/5/04 in Village el Salvador, Peru
Apolinar Delgado, 1/25/99 in Houston, Texas
Joaquin Garcia, 1/9/04 in Almeria, Spain
Jesus Lobo, 12/30/03 in Merida, Venezuela
William McClymont, 1/1/04 in Granville, Jamaica
Cisroe Taylor, 2/6/97 in Houston, Texas
Jhony Enrique Vergara, 7/29/03 in Merida, Venezuela

The ninth addition, Darren Blanchard, slain August 10, 2001 in
Detroit, is a previously reported case that was inadvertently dropped
from the Memoriam list, probably a few months ago when I combined two
pre-existing lists.  Mr. Blanchard's name is added at the request of
one of his close friends who noticed the omission on Taxi-L.

As happens with almost every update, this week's news items included a
reference to yet another homicide (in Spain), but with little
information as to name, date or location.  It's a reminder that the
Memoriam list is incomplete for almost every year and country, even
for the US with its abundant online news sources.  The list does not
include, for instance, the Southern California taxi driver slain in
November.  That murder is known only from a fragmentary news report,
as is a possible second killing in Los Angeles during the same month.



January 5, 2004

http://www.Taxi-L.org/in-mem.htm

This update adds seven new names to the Taxi-L Memoriam list of
murdered cab drivers, bringing the known total to 840.

Many thanks to taxicab drivers Ender Wiggins and Joe Ramsey for their
long hours of harvesting news from sources on the Internet.  Thanks
also to driver Karl Weiszhaar for his efforts to present news from the
Spanish-language press.  Their work provides an incomparable source of
information for cab drivers worldwide.

December brought word of two taxi homicides in Venezuela, the first
ever from that country to be recorded in the Memoriam list.  However,
the news item on Mr. Martinez' death in Coroni, Venezuela notes that
he was the 25th cab driver slain in that city during 2003.  The
chilling statistic lends strong support to the view that the Taxi-L
Memoriam list is dramatically understated.  Is Coroni the rare
exception, or are there scores or even hundreds of cities around the
world that are experiencing comparable levels of violence against
taxicab drivers?

Equally chilling is that none of the 25 murders in Coroni has led to
an arrest.

Two of the homicides newly reported in this update occurred prior to
2003 and have come to light now in the course of legal proceedings
involving the assailants.

The seven newly added cases are:

Andreas Barbas, 12/27/03 in Melissochori, Greece
Gewan Bawasitiar, 2/28/00 in Sangre Grande, Trinidad and Tobago
Masaharu Hisime, 12/26/03 in Naha, Okinawa
Shafiqul Islam, 12/22/03 in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Luis Perez Juarez, 12/27/02 in Barcelona, Spain
Guillermo Ramon Towers Martinez, 12/13/03 in Coroni, Venezuela
Raul Antonio Palacios Navas, 12/03 in El Oasis, Venezuela

Another homicide occurred on December 18, and yet another may have
occurred on December 27.  In both instances the driver's name is
unknown.   The first involved a fare dispute in Piet Retief, South
Africa.  The second was in Mosul, Iraq where a taxi driver is believed
to have died in crossfire between Iraqi fighters and US troops.

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