Lights and reflections on London cabs at night. Image supplied by

World of Taxis - Culture and History

Gaito Gazdanov's Paris
Gaito Gazdanov (in the photo at left, 1930s) was a Russian emigre who drove a taxi in Paris from 1928 to 1952. During that time, he wrote seven of his nine novels.

Photo of a taxi in 1930s Paris

Gazdanov's novel Nochnye dorogi (Night Roads) draws heavily on his life as a taxi driver. Originally titled Nochnaia doroga (Night Road) it was serialized in the emigre journal Sovremennye zapiski in 1939-1940. It did not appear as a book until 1952.

The novel was translated to French by Elena Balzanno (Chemins Nocturnes: Viviane Hamy, 1991). An English translation is now available.

Click here for photos and selections translated to English from French by Norman Beattie.

Photo of Gaito Gazdanov

Many thanks to Justin Doherty of Trinity College, Dublin for his recent translation of Gazdanov's Night Roads from Russian to English. Gazdanov conveys his readers to 1930s Paris and introduces us to the city's late night characters. Night Roads is a great read, and is available from Northwestern University Press.

Featured items

Book cover
Nobody's Angel by taxi driver Jack Clark

UK and Europe

NTA logo

The different sections of the NTA logo represent the different nations
that the association represents: top left is the English National
Flower; top right is the Irish emblem of the shamrock; bottom left
is the Scottish Thistle; and bottom right is the Welsh leek.
The association's motto "ubique" means "everywhere."

Line drawing of author James Joyce
June 16 is Bloomsday. Spend a few minutes getting up to speed on the theme of cabs and cab drivers in "Ulysses" by James Joyce. This is another delightful collection of images and text from Norm Beattie. He captures the spirit of June 16, 1904 when Joyce's character Leopold Bloom took his long walk through the city of Dublin in Ireland.
A 1920s cab with a large bag on top for coal gas fuel
A 1920s coal-gas powered taxicab operated by John Lee Automobile Engineers in Keighley, England. The bag atop the vehicle stored sufficient fuel for 15 miles of driving. Fast forward to 2007...according to an article in The Conservative, more than 1000 taxicabs in the Chinese city of Fuxin have switched from gasoline to compressed coal-based methane (CBM) fuel.
Photo of London cabs, copyright by
-Photo supplied by
The colorful London "black cabs" of today

Photo of a Paris horse cab and early taximeter
- From a postcard, date unknown
A Paris horse cab driver enjoying a glass of his favorite beverage. Note the early taximeter.

Postcard illustration of a male passenger and a lady horse cab driver
A male passenger makes a ribald suggestion to the lady horse cab driver.
Postcard from the Femmes Cocher collection gathered by Norman Beattie.
Illustration of a book cover showing a taxi driver and a nude woman
hansom cab A hansom cab on location for the TV movie "Sherlock Holmes and the Case of the Silk Stocking" at Somerset House in London. Photo courtesy of Wikipedia.
Classic Volvo taxicab
Classic Volvo Duett taxicab
Illustration from Punch magazine
Punch magazine illustration from October 11, 1879

Old-time photo of a Star Cab driver One of the 1920s Diamond Cab Staff photos gathered by Norm Beattie


Photo of a taxi driver badge with the number seven
Taxi driver's badge from Blind River, Ontario. Photo courtesy of Norman Beattie.
Horse cab in Ottawa

The mysterious death of Ottawa hackman Alfred Bonenfant in 1908 turned out to be accidental. Yet the story of the incident and the inquest that followed shine a light on the horse taxi trade just prior to its eclipse by automobiles. This is another excellent collection of text and photos by Canadian taxi historian Norman Beattie.

Ad for Diamond taxi service, 1920s

Taxi history from the 1870s to 1960s is illustrated with more than 100 photos and text by Norman Beattie. The focus of Winnipeg Cab History is on Winnipeg, Manitoba but the taxi historical themes are universal. From small horse-drawn liveries operating out of stables to fleets of Cadillacs, Nashs, Packards and Studebakers, this is an enthralling read for taxi folk everywhere.

Papier-mache showing St. Fiacre in a garden with an angel hovering nearby. The angel has a taxi-like checkered design on her robes and wings.
- Papier-mache art courtesy of Kate Hodgson
Saint Fiacre is the patron of gardeners and taxicab drivers.

United States

Mug shot of bandit James Kane
James Kane came to a bad end after robbing a Chicago horse cab in 1908.
Text and historical photos recall The Cab Hold-up Affair by Norman Beattie.
Photo of a book cover for The American Taxi - A Century of Service
The American Taxi - A Century of Service, published by Iconographics.
title page logo from Hacking New York
Title page logo from the 1930 book Hacking New York by Robert Hazard.
Right click the image to download the 45 MB full-length novel.

Illustration of a book cover

graphic of a fist-like hand on a steering wheel

Logo of the New York Taxi Workers Alliance
See also the Social Justice Movements Wiki about the NYTWA.
Photo-illustration of a Mini-modal concept taxi The MiniModal concept taxi for NYC by Hybrid Product Design + Development. It features large glass windows and roof panels to offer passengers better views. The MiniModal is one of several fascinating design innovations emerging from the exhibit Rethinking New York City's Moveable Public Space at Parsons The New School for Design from November 2005 through January 2006.

Illustration of a book cover

Illiustration of a book cover

Illiustration of a book cover

Philadelphia driver and activist Steve Chervenka
wrote Memoir of an Independent Contractor.
It is available as an ebook from Smashwords.

cab in front of the White Houser

Red-White Cab Co. painting
- Courtesy of Supervisor Tom Ammiano's office
"Pearl", a painting by Lawrence Montgomery, is on display in San Francisco City Hall. Learn more and view a larger image of the painting.
Photo of drivers in a cab garage
- Courtesy of Bruce Carlton
Drivers at a taxi garage in San Francisco, probably the early 1920s. View a larger version of the photo.
Cartoon cover shows Maxie the Taxi tipping his cap
- Cover by Jamie Maddox, Spring 1977
The New Deep City Press presented the world as seen by San Francisco taxicab drivers in the 1970s. The publication nicely captured the spirit of the times in words, images and original art. See the following item.

Cabspotting exhibit

The online Cabspotting project of the Exploratorium traces San Francisco's taxi cabs in real time as they travel throughout the Bay Area. The patterns traced by each cab create a living and always-changing map of city life. This map hints at economic, social, and cultural trends that are otherwise invisible. The Exploratorium has invited artists and researchers to use this information to reveal these "Invisible Dynamics."

anti-discrimination poster
1950s poster calling for non-discrimination in the hiring of San Francisco taxicab drivers. The NNLC was founded in Detroit in 1951. It was disbanded in 1956 under pressure from the federal government. Poster by Frank Rowe. See also Docs Populi. Photo courtesy of San Francisco Public Library
Mrs. Gilbert Gomez and Mrs. Carol Collins
Yellow Cab Company drivers, 1958
Photo courtesy of San Francisco Public Library
Ilustration: Yellow Cab driver Susan Oak
Illustrator Bill Russell featured Susan Oak on the "Taxi Driver of the Month" page of TODO magazine, which is distributed in taxicabs. See more driver illustrations at Profile Reportage. Illustration copyright by Bill Russell 2007. Ford and London taxis side by side
American and London cabs side by side at the Luxor Cab lot in San Francisco.
Illustration of a book cover

Photo of a metal chauffeur badge
Chauffeur's badge, 1924 California.
Courtesy of Bruce Carlton. See also

Australia and New Zealand

Photo of two toy taxicabs by Cliff Lundberg
Toy taxicabs from the collection of Cliff Lundberg
Photo of high heel shoes with yellow toe and heel, and a black-white checker design; taxi heels
Taxi chic


Jafar Panahi
Iranian director Jafar Panahi's film Taxi won the 2015 Golden Bear prize for best film at the 65th Berlin International Film Festival.
Small statue on the dashboard of a Bangkok taxi
Fat and happy Buddha image adorns the dashboard of a Bangkok taxicab. By permission of copyright holder Dale Konstanz, author of Still Life in Moving Vehicles


Taxi, Tale of Rides - book cover

Photo courtesy of Wikipedia
- Photo courtesy of Wikipedia

A Cameroonian bush taxi. Toyota minibus-taxis are the primary mode of public transport in large areas of Africa.


Who is going to Barker Street?

Who is going to Barker Street? Try the Five Taxis Puzzle!

Movie still picture of the Three Stooges and a 1940s taxi in the desert

The Three Stooges take a 1940s Bronx taxicab on a trip out west.

Photo of an Indian bicycle rickshaw with a ramp for wheelchair access

A wheelchair accessible bicycle rickshaw in India. Appropriate technology provides work for this driver and transportation for his passenger. Access Exchange International works on transportation access issues worldwide.

Photo of a postage stamp showing an antique toy taxi

First day issue of a commemorative postage stamp issued by the United States Postal Service, 2002

Photo from above of floral designs on taxi roofs

Illustration of a book cover

Taxi publications

Red Skelton movie poster

Taxicabs and taxi drivers are a frequent theme in popular culture

Photo of a Yellow Cab driver's hat

Yellow Cab driver's hat

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